Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to Comintern: Anti Comintern Pact


(kəmĭntārn`) [acronym for Communist International], name given to the Third InternationalInternational,
any of a succession of international socialist and Communist organizations of the 19th and 20th cent. The First International

The First International was founded in London in 1864 as the International Workingmen's Association.
..... Click the link for more information.
, founded at Moscow in 1919. Vladimir Ilyich LeninLenin, Vladimir Ilyich
, 1870–1924, Russian revolutionary, the founder of Bolshevism and the major force behind the Revolution of Oct., 1917. Early Life
..... Click the link for more information.
 feared a resurgence of the Second, or Socialist, International under non-Communist leadership. The Comintern was established to claim Communist leadership of the world socialist movement. The delegates to the first congress were mainly Russians, with some members of left-wing socialist splinter groups who happened to be in the Soviet Union and one German (who abstained on the crucial vote of establishing the organization). Gregory ZinovievZinoviev, Grigori Evseyevich
, 1883–1936, Soviet Communist leader, originally named Radomyslsky. He joined the Russian Social Democratic Labor party in 1901 and sided with Vladimir Lenin's Bolshevik faction after 1903 (see Bolshevism and Menshevism).
..... Click the link for more information.
 was the first president of the Comintern. The second congress laid down (1920) the "Twenty-one Conditions" for membership, firmly establishing a differentiation between the socialist parties and the Communist parties. The Comintern gained strength during the 1920s, but its efforts to foment revolution, notably in Germany, were unsuccessful. In 1935, the Comintern abandoned the membership policies established under the "Twenty-one Conditions" and began to form coalitions, or popular fronts, with bourgeois parties. In 1936, Germany and Japan concluded the so-called Anti-Comintern Pact, ostensibly to protect the world from the Third International. The pact was renewed in 1941 with 11 other countries as signatories. In order to allay the misgivings of its allies in World War II, the Soviet Union dissolved the Comintern in 1943.


See B. Lazitch and M. M. Drachkovitch, Biographical Dictionary of the Comintern (1973); study by J. Riddell (1986).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Executive Committee of the Comintern soon ordered the rival parties to consolidate "in the shortest possible time." In case there was any misunderstanding, the directive was emphatic: "Unity is not only possible, but absolutely necessary.
They downplay traditionalist understandings of Comintern control of the British Communist experience, stressing instead the national circumstances that structured the course followed by advocates of the Soviet Union inside the United Kingdom, who were represented as largely determining their own fate.
"'Mustafa Subhi (Turkey), for example, pointed out that the destiny of the European revolution was also dependent on the fate of the revolutionary movements in the East (Riddell 1987: 208-09).' Given the more familiar arguments about how the Russian Revolution's success depended on successful revolutions in Western Europe, such counterpoints may prove very helpful to think with." The story of Roy's rise in the Comintern is discussed in John P Haithcox's "The Roy-Lenin Debate on Colonial Policy: a New Interpretation," The Journal of Asian Studies 23.1 (November 1963): pp.
Kuusinen's call in 1924 for a workers' and peasants' government, in accordance with the line taken at the fifth congress of the Comintern, met with stiff resistance in Finland, where such a demand was seen as irrelevant to conditions in the country and liable to provoke the authorities to carry out mass arrests.
Ahora bien, en las pasadas dos decadas, los avances historiograficos en relacion con este tema han contribuido a un panorama cada vez mejor estructurado en lo que respecta a la influencia de las agencias de la Comintern en el hemisferio americano y, en particular, en el entorno latinoamericano y caribeno (8).
Therefore, KUTV and the Comintern were all the more important as the primary links between the revolutionary party-state and its left-leaning sympathizers in strategically important territories under British and French control.
Chapter 2 focuses mainly on the history of the Comintern's interest in Cuba and its revolutionary potential and the special relationship established between Cuban Communists and the u.s.
What if the leadership of the Comintern and its various parties and organizations of mass struggle had not succumbed to the subversion of the thought and practice of the revolutionary Left that stamped Stalinism one of the great tragedies of socialism's modern history?
They were the result of Gramsci's intensive reading and reflection while in prison against the background of his earlier experience as a leading political activist in the socialist and then communist movements in Italy, and in the Comintern in Moscow.
Lutz has identified a long successful political tactic, masterminded by the Soviet Comintern and designed to deceive kind-hearted individuals the world over.