Comitative Aspect

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Comitative Aspect

 

a morphological verbal category that indicates the accompanying of an action by someone or something; it is sometimes considered a voice category. The comita-tive aspect exists in many American Indian, Abkhazo-Adyg, and Turkic languages. In the Adygei languages, conjunction is differentiated from the comitative aspect. For example, in the phrase ar ashch d-edzhag” (“he read together with him”), d(e)- is a conjunction marker. In contrast, in the phrase akherze-d-eshlag”ekh (“they played together”), ze-d(e)- is a comitative aspect marker.

In a number of languages, a functional analogue of the verbal category of comitative aspect is the comitative case, which often includes the meaning of the instrumental case.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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