Commagene


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Commagene

(kŏməjē`nē), ancient district of N Syria, on the Euphrates River and S of the Taurus range, now in SE Asian Turkey. Its metropolis, Samosata, was founded by Samos, the king of Commagene, c.150 B.C. The fertile agricultural district was made part of the Assyrian Empire and later of the Persian Empire. In the period after Alexander the Great, it gradually assumed independence under the Seleucid kings of Syria, and its governor, Ptolemy, revolted in 162 B.C., declaring absolute independence. The ruling dynasty of independent Commagene was related to the Seleucids. In 64 B.C., King Antiochus I, a Roman ally, had his territory enlarged by Pompey, but when he aided the Parthians he was deposed in 38 B.C. by Antony. The spectacular ruins of Antiochus's tomb and its colossal statues are on Mt. NemrutNemrut, Mount,
Turk. Nemrut Dağ, mountain in SE Turkey, in the Anti-Taurus Mts. Rising 7,052 ft (2,150 m), it is the site of the mausoleum of Antiochus I (c.69–c.34 B.C.), king of ancient Commagene.
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. Commagene was annexed by Tiberius (A.D. 17) but a new king, Antiochus IV, was instated by Caligula (A.D. 38), was soon deposed, and then reinstated (A.D. 41) by Claudius. Finally Vespasian permanently annexed Commagene (A.D. 72) to the Roman province of Syria. The territory was invaded by Khosrow IKhosrow I
(Khosrow Anüshirvan) , d. 579, king of Persia (531–79), greatest of the Sassanid, or Sassanian, monarchs. He is also known as Chosroes I or Khosru I. He succeeded his father, Kavadh I, but before becoming king, Khosrow was responsible for a great massacre (c.
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 of Persia in 542, but he withdrew the same year when his campaign was checked by BelisariusBelisarius
, c.505–565, Byzantine general under Justinian I. After helping to suppress (532) the dangerous Nika riot (see Blues and Greens), he defeated (533–34) the Vandals of Africa, and captured their king.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In 62 BC, King Antiochus I Theos of Commagene built a tomb-sanctuary flanked by huge statues of himself, two lions, two eagles and various Greek, and Persian gods on the mountain top.
De hecho, el manejo de la iconografia celeste por los soberanos helenisticos--un caso contemporaneo al de la deductio de Carthago Nova es el de Antioco i de Commagene, cf.
After lunch you can travel on to the ancient site, KarakuE- tumulus -- a burial mound for women from the Commagene royal family dating from the first century A.
A prisoner from the conquest of his hometown, Commagene, Mara wrote to his son from a Roman jail complaining of Roman imperialism but seeking solace should he be executed.
En todo caso, la independencia alcanzada por Biblos despues de los estrechos vinculos que la habian ligado a Egipto, se derrumbara en el Hierro IIB ante el poder de Tiglat-Pileser III, que en una inscripcion enumera los lugares que ha logrado dominar y de los cuales extrae tributo: "Recibi tributo de Kustaspi de Commagene, Rezon de Damasco, Menahem de Samaria, Hiram de Tiro, Sibitti-bili de Biblos, Urikki de Que".
82) Augustus had structured the defense of eastern Anatolia on client-kings in Armenia, Commagene and Cappadocia, which after its annexation as a procuratorial province in 17, remained inermis.
King Antiochus I Theos of Commagene built on the mountain top a tomb-sanctuary flanked by huge statues of himself, two lions, two eagles and various Greek, Armenian, and Iranian gods, such as Hercules-Vahagn, Zeus-Aramazd or Oromasdes and Apollo-Mithras.
He was the first to lead Turkish teams in the excavation of such sites as the Commagene tomb-sanctuary in Nemrut Dagi, located in Southeastern Turkey, today a UNESCO World Heritage site; and the Hekate sanctuary in Lagina in Southeastern Anatolia and Sidon, in what is now Lebanon, where he found sarcophagi that rank among the worldOs most important archaeological discoveries.
A few papers deal with areas bordering on the Roman province of Syria: Commagene (Bruno Iacobs), Hellenistic Uruk (Gunvor Lindstrom), and the building program of Herod the Great in modern Israel (Sarah Japp).
But because it stood on the trade route that linked Europe with the East, Commagene became fabulously rich, encouraging its rulers to the most grandiose aspirations, especially Antiochus I, who called himself Epiphanes, `the manifestation of God'.
The Kingdom of Commagene was a small breakaway territory from the Seleucid Empire based at Antioch and known to few before 1881 when a German archaeologist found a collection of huge statues on this mountain top.