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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) An official (officer or general) in the armed forces of various states. The commander of a fortress garrison was first called a commandant in the 16th century. In Russia up until 1715 the commandant of a military garrison was also the district governor, but after that date he was only the chief of the garrison. There were commandants of headquarters under the commander in chief and under the commanders of individual armies; there were also city commandants, commandants of railroad and waterway sectors, and corps commandants. In the Soviet armed forces there are garrison commandants, military commandants of railroad and waterway sectors and of railroad stations and ports, commandants of water crossings, and so forth.

A garrison commandant is appointed in every garrison. He sees to it that servicemen observe military discipline in public places and in the streets and that the guard and patrol service is conducted properly; he also organizes the protection and defense of objectives within the garrison and the garrison patrol service. In Moscow and Leningrad the garrison commandant is also the city commandant.

The military commandant of a railroad or waterway sector and of a railroad station or port, who is a representative of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR, ensures the fulfillment of military transport plans and exercises the functions of a garrison commandant within the territory of his sector.

The commandant of water crossings, who is appointed from among the commanders of units or subunits of the engineer troops, ensures order and discipline at points where troops have to cross water barriers.

(2) The administrator of a house belonging to an institution or educational establishment or occupied by them.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The general administration and operational control of the Levies Force will vest with the director general to be exercised by him either directly or through the commandant in the district.
The Commandant said the Lower Dir, once a militancy affected area was totally cleared on terrorists.
The removal of the commandant was a dubious first in the history of the academy where military leaders learn their first lessons.
Provincial minister Bashir Bilour and officials said the assassination of the Frontier Constabulary commandant was a big loss for the province and the country.
Army Chemical School (USACMLS) hosted a conference for chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) commandants and commanders.
To improve the situation, he said, the commandant of the Marine Corps created the U.S.
Mailafia thanked the Commandant for the visit, saying the Corps had a history of cordial relationship with the Commission especially in terms of assisting in fishing out criminals engaging in illegal oil bunkering and other economic crimes in the country.
ABBOTTABAD -- Elite Force Hazara Region (EFHR) Wednesday demonstrating commitment and support to to the country for building of new water reservoirs announced contribution of three-day and one day salary to the PM-CJ Dam fund, said Commandant EFHR SSP Malik Ejaz.
The Commandant Khyber Rifles presented sweets and flower bouquets to Afghan Border Police on behalf of Commander 11 Corps and Inspector General Frontier Corps Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North) at Torkham, says a press release.

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