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(1) An official (officer or general) in the armed forces of various states. The commander of a fortress garrison was first called a commandant in the 16th century. In Russia up until 1715 the commandant of a military garrison was also the district governor, but after that date he was only the chief of the garrison. There were commandants of headquarters under the commander in chief and under the commanders of individual armies; there were also city commandants, commandants of railroad and waterway sectors, and corps commandants. In the Soviet armed forces there are garrison commandants, military commandants of railroad and waterway sectors and of railroad stations and ports, commandants of water crossings, and so forth.

A garrison commandant is appointed in every garrison. He sees to it that servicemen observe military discipline in public places and in the streets and that the guard and patrol service is conducted properly; he also organizes the protection and defense of objectives within the garrison and the garrison patrol service. In Moscow and Leningrad the garrison commandant is also the city commandant.

The military commandant of a railroad or waterway sector and of a railroad station or port, who is a representative of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR, ensures the fulfillment of military transport plans and exercises the functions of a garrison commandant within the territory of his sector.

The commandant of water crossings, who is appointed from among the commanders of units or subunits of the engineer troops, ensures order and discipline at points where troops have to cross water barriers.

(2) The administrator of a house belonging to an institution or educational establishment or occupied by them.

References in periodicals archive ?
Brigadier Shahid Hassan Syed during his posting as commandant also played an important role in addressing the problems of the doctors, paramedics and other allied staff pestering them over the years and effectively maintained civil- military relationship by employing his God- gifted managerial skills and talent.
AIG Bomb Disposal Squad Malik Shafqat told reporters that about seven to eight kilogram explosive were used by the bomber whose target was FRP Deputy Commandant.
POLICE found 48 rounds of live ammunition at the home of an Army Cadet commandant, Chester Crown court heard yesterday.
Every 20 seconds or so, the torturers would remove the cloth so the commandant could ask a question.
The suicide bomber wearing explosive jackets rammed his motorcycle into the vehicle of Deputy Commandant Frontier Reserve Police (FRP) Malik Tariq Khan, killing policemen Lal Bahadar and Ibrar Hussain while four others including Deputy Commandant FRP Malik Tariq, his bodyguards Meendar Khan, Ismail Khan and Noor Bahadar sustained wounds.
As result of suicide attack two policemen Ibara and Lal Bahadur were died on the spot while Deputy Commandant Malik Tariq, his driver Menadar, two gunmen Ismail, Noor Bahadur and two passerby Mir Wali and Khuda Nazar received severe injuries.
The commandant of Civil Defense School praised the Interior Minister's directives to raise the staff's efficiency through holding sessions at the Civil Defense School aiming at raising preparation and training standards in addition to introducing them to the latest technology in the field of civil defense, and lauded the cooperation between the General Directorate of Civil Defense and security agencies.
WE DID IT: Commandant, Colonel Tony Laker celebrates with Cleveland ACF cadets
The commandant was transferred by defence minister A.
Le commandant des unites de la Garde republicaine a Bayda, Khaled Waq, en charge de la securite pour le scrutin presidentiel, et Hassan Babili, chef de la commission electorale, deux soldats et un civil ont peri dans l'attaque, ont precise les memes sources.
Islamabad A suicide bomber yesterday killed the commandant of the Frontier Constabulary, a federal paramilitary force, in the capital city of Pakistan's northwestern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
There are 750 registered weapons in Osh, Osh city commandant Kursan Asanov said.

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