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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) In the late 19th century, small armed militia detachments of the Boers that operated against the local African population and in the Anglo-Boer War of 1899–1902.

(2) In World War II (1939–45) special detachments of the British armed forces designed for reconnaissance and sabotage action were given the name commandos in June 1940. Commando detachments were first formed in the army; in 1942 such units were formed in the navy. A commando detachment consisted of several platoons recruited from among volunteer soldiers of the regular army; they received special training in reconnaissance and sabotage action at sea and on land.

Among the best-known commando operations were the raids on the coast of Norway in the region of the Lofoten Islands and on the coast of France in the region of Dieppe (Aug. 19, 1942). In the Mediterranean the commandos carried out raids on the island of Crete and in Tobruk; in November 1941 they attacked Rommel’s headquarters in the region of Beda Littoria. When the second front was opened in Europe, seven commando detachments (of 500 to 600 men each) seized bases of operations and prepared the way for the landing of the main forces of the Normandy Landing Operation of 1944. The British Navy retained the commandos after World War II.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sources said Pakistani commandos are likely to infiltrate through sea route to create communal disturbances or carry out a terrorist attack in Gujarat.
Of that, he said that 2245 STF commandos have been deployed to protect VVIPs.
Addressing the ceremony, RPO Capt (R) Ehsan Tufail asked the newly-passed-out SPU commandos to impart their duties with deification and commitment as people as well as the government had pinned great hopes on them.
He also lauded the efforts of SSU officers to maintain a healthy environment for the SSU Commandos.
Three young Cadets (age 16-18) made it out on a snowy night: Cadet P01 Matt Brooks for the Commandos and Cadet Sgt.
The Commandos will assist the local police in maintaining peace and tranquility in different areas as well as to initiate timely action against the miscreants if they tried to disturb the law and order situation.
He said the force hoped to increase the number of commando from 600 currently to 992 and UTK from 340 currently to 800.
Noratlas, along with other Greek transport planes, set off in an operation code named "Victory", to transport a battalion of Greek commandos from Souda, Crete, to Nicosia, to help in the heavy fighting that took place at Nicosia International Airport.
The Ministry of Home Affairs is examining a proposal to deploy a contingent of the National Security Guard (NSG) commandos in the Kashmir Valley so that they can join the Indian Army, the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and the state police when a high-risk militancy related incident takes place.
By TITUS MAEROBidco United FC defeated hosts Green Commandoes FC 3-0 in a National Super League (NSL) match at Bukhungu stadium in Kakamega on Monday.A goal each from Seah Opwora, Geoffrey Kariuki and Nelson Chieta was enough for the Thika-based outfit to sink the league debutantes, who have found the going in the lower tier league tough.
Dae1/4aoailleurs, le public a [euro]u[c]t[euro]u[c] subjugu[euro]u[c] par les d[euro]u[c]monstrations de combats des commandos ainsi que des techniques dae1/4aoassaut et de contre-embuscade.
The SAF commandos were on their way to their SAF detachment in Sitio Canumay in Barangay San Jose when the attack happened, Agtarap added.