European Commission

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European Commission

(EC), institution of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the European Community were officially merged; previously, each organization was governed by a separate commission. The commission is composed of 27 members—one from each EU nation, but under the Lisbon Treaty (ratified 2009) its membership will be reduced beginning in 2014. Members are appointed by European Council and serve four-year terms; the commission membership must be approved by the European ParliamentEuropean Parliament,
an institution of the governing body of the European Union (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.
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. One member serves as president and six serve as vice presidents. A large administrative staff, numbering some 25,000, is divided among many committees and administrative agencies. The commission implements the provisions of the EU's governing treaties and carries out legislation enacted by the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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 and the European Parliament.

In keeping with the objective of the founding treaties, the commission initiates EU policy on the economy in particular but, increasingly, also on environmental and foreign and security affairs. The legislation it proposes is subject to amendment and approval by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. It was under the presidency of Jacques DelorsDelors, Jacques
(Jacques Lucien Jean Delors) 1925–, French economist and politician and European statesman, president (1985–95) of the European Commission. Beginning in the 1940s, he held a series of posts in French banking and state planning, eventually becoming
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 (1985–95) that the commission put forward the Single European Act (1987) and the Treaty of European Union (1992; also known as the Maastricht Treaty), both of which provided for a significant expansion of the EU's powers. In 1995, Jacques SanterSanter, Jacques
(Jean Jacques Santer) , 1937–, Luxembourg political leader and European statesman. A lawyer and economist, he entered politics as a member of the Christian Social party in 1965 and later held several ministerial posts, notably finance minister
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 of Belgium became president of the commission. The entire commission resigned in 1999 amid accusations of financial mismanagement, corruption, fraud, and nepotism, and a new set of commissioners, with Romano ProdiProdi, Romano
, 1939–, Italian politician, premier of Italy (1996–98, 2006–8), b. Scandiano. Educated at the Catholic Univ. of Milan (grad. 1961), he is a trained economist and served (1978–79) as Italy's minister for industry; he also was a professor of
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 of Italy as president, was appointed later the same year. In 2004, José Manuel BarrosoBarroso, José Manuel Durão
, 1956–, Portuguese politician, b. Lisbon. A leftist activist while in law school, he became a Social Democrat in 1980 and was first elected to the Portuguese parliament in 1985.
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 succeeded Prodi as president.

References in periodicals archive ?
Commission of the European Communities, European Space Policy, Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament, COM (2007) 212 final (Brussels, 2007), p.
At present, the main source of information for updating the inventory is a survey which began in 1990 with funding from the Commission of the European Communities.
Commission of the European Communities, Employment in Europe (Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1989).
In an exchange of letters dated June 16, 1987, the secretary general of the COE and the president of the Commission of the European Communities agreed to strengthen cooperation between the two bodies.
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the EU Committee of European Securities Regulators (CESR) have announced initiatives regarding improved market-wide risk management for equities; the Commission of the European Communities (EC Commission) has also announced guidelines for trading of derivatives and the U.
BUDAPEST, Hungary, October 9 /PRNewswire/ -- TargetEx llc, Budapest announced today that the Research Directorate General of the Commission of the European Communities approved the transfer of the coordinator responsibilities of the European Cancer Research Consortium (CancerGrid) to TargetEx.
Swanson is the second American, and 14th recipient, to receive this honor bestowed by the Commission of the European Communities.
The Commission of the European Communities confirms that in the application of the principles laid down in Article 100, it is understood that each EFTA State will designate its own experts.
1 Commission of the European Communities (1996) Impact of the Third Package of Air Transport Liberalization Measures, COM(96) 415 Final.
The biennial Mies van der Rohe Pavilion Award for European Architecture, administered from the 1986 reconstructed German Pavilion for the 1929 Barcelona World Fair, was created in 1987 by the Cultural Commission of the European Communities and the Fundacio Mies van der Rohe.

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