Commissions of Inquiry


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Commissions of Inquiry

 

permanent or temporary international bodies established by special agreement to look into the factual circumstances and true causes of international disputes. Commissions of inquiry may be formed by the states involved in the dispute or by international organizations.

The first regulations concerning international commissions of inquiry were included in the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 on the peaceful resolution of international conflicts. The first commission investigated the dispute between Russia and Great Britain over the Dogger Bank incident in 1904.

According to the Hague Convention of 1907, the aim of a commission of inquiry was to facilitate the resolution of an international dispute by elucidating the circumstances surrounding it. Unlike the decision of an arbitration tribunal, the report of a commission of inquiry was not binding, and the disputants were free to accept or reject the commission’s conclusions.

The regulations included in the Hague Convention of 1907 served as a model for other multilateral agreements on the peaceful resolution of international disputes, such as the Treaty on the Avoidance or Prevention of Conflicts Between American States (May 3, 1923), which is known as the Gondra Treaty.

The UN Charter established a film juridical basis for more highly effective, peaceful means of resolving international disputes, including procedures for inquiries. The possibility of appeals by states to commissions of inquiry is provided for in the UN Charter (art. 33, point 1), as well as in a number of other multilateral and bilateral treaties on specific issues, such as the Declaration on Principles of International Law (1970) and the Declaration on Strengthening International Security (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
According to the Minister for Presidential Affairs, Governance and Public Administration, Mr Nonofo Molefhi, commissions of inquiry were set up at the discretion of the president when it was necessary to inquire into any matter of public interest.
Although Commissions of Inquiry are often created by external mandate, the Bahraini Independent Commission of Inquiry was the product of internal decision-making.
It is worth pointing out, before examining in more detail the Commissions of Inquiry, that every stage of all of the ILO's supervisory procedures is published, on paper and/or online, except the internal deliberations of such bodies as the Committee of Experts and the Committee on Freedom of Association.
In this lecture, Justice Gomery explains the function of commissions of inquiry: to investigate, to educate, and to inform Canadian society.
The Commission of Inquiry was appointed by the Chief Executive in Council under the Commissions of Inquiry Ordinance (Chapter 86) on July 10, 2018, to inquire into the matters set out in the Terms of Reference below:
They stated: "Your Excellency was pleased to issue a Presidential Warrant dated 27th January 2017, in pursuance of the provisions of Section 2 of the Commissions of Inquiry Act (Chapter 393) as amended ."
The government introduced in the National Assembly a bill to provide for the constitution of Commissions of Inquiry- called as "The Pakistan Commissions of Inquiry bill 2016," apparently to settle panama paper leak issues and tackle such issues in future as well.
Commissions of inquiry and national security; comparative approaches.
The Government will present two amendment Bills in Parliament today, to empower the Commission to Investigate Allegations of Bribery or Corruption (CIABOC) and file cases based on facts revealed by Commissions of Inquiry. The Bills to amend the Commissions of Inquiry Act (Chapter 393) and the Bribery Act (Chapter 26), will be presented at the commencement of sittings.
The relevant provisions of the Commissions of Inquiry Act, 1952, would apply, the order added.
The years of scandal; commissions of inquiry in Western Australia 1991-2004.
Standard practice, particularly legal clarity and legal security in these proceedings, is not relevant merely in the case in question, but also in all other proceedings that are being conducted or will be conducted in the future by the National Assemblys commissions of inquiry.

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