Common Dolphin

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Common Dolphin


(Delphinus delphis), a mammal of the Delphinidae family belonging to the Odontoceti suborder. Body length, up to 2.5 m. The upper part of the body and head are blackish, and the belly and sides are white (hence the name in Russian of belobochka, white-side). The dorsal and pectoral fins are sickle-shaped. The nose is narrow, long, and beak-shaped. The teeth are small and numerous (up to 240). The common dolphin is widely distributed in seas of the equatorial and temperate zones; it lives in the open sea. It feeds on anchovies, sprats, herring, capelin, and other small fish living in the upper layers of the seas. It congregates in schools which number up to several thousand individuals. In the Black Sea the common dolphin mates in July and August, and the gestation period lasts from ten to 11 months. Usually the female bears one young, whose body length is about 90 cm.

The common dolphin is a commercial fish; its fat and skin are used. The numbers of common dolphin have fallen sharply; only Turkey hunts it commercially. The USSR and Bulgaria have forbidden the commercial catching of dolphins for a ten-year period beginning in 1966.


Kleinenberg, S. E. Mlekopitaiushchie Chernogo i Azovskogo morei. Moscow, 1956.
Tomilin, A. G. Kitoobraznye. Vol. 9 of the series Zveri SSSR i prilezhashchikh stran. Moscow, 1957.
Tomilin, A. G. Kitoobraznye fauny morei SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Abundance of the long-beaked common dolphin (Delphinus capensis) in California and western Baja California waters estimated from a 2009 ship-based line-transect survey.
Morbillivirus infection in stranded common dolphins from the Pacific Ocean.
Although the seasonal distribution patterns here are generally consistent with those found by Forney and Barlow (1998) for temperate species, an increase in common dolphin sightings was observed in that study in winter rather than in summer for 1991-92.
In July a common dolphin was found on Ventry strand in Kerry.
Species 1984-85 1985-86 1987-88 1992-93 Minke whale 12 4 (3) 1 (1) Blue whale 1 (1) Common dolphin 1 6 (5) 16 (13) Risso's dolphin 5 12 (11) Northern right 1 (1) whale dolphin Pacific white- 1 (1) sided dolphin Humpback whale 1 (1) Killer whale 4 Dall's porpoise Harbor porpoise 1 (1) Bottlenose dolphin 2 (2) Unidentified dolphins 2 4 28 (18) 5 (5) Unidentified whales 2 (1) 3 (3) Total 3 25 42 (29) 42 (38) Species 1993-94 Jan.
Being the only hunters that occur in numbers intelligent enough to anticipate the behaviour of the sardines, the common dolphin is the true architect of the sardine run.
It said common dolphins are often spotted in North East waters, but the numbers of "foreign" marine life is also rising, including squid, sea bass and pilchards.
"Then one breached looking just like a common dolphin.
RESEARCHERS are to investigate why common dolphin sightings off western Scotland have almost doubled.
physalus), summer-fall, shallow, 3.7 (0.30); humpback whale (Megaptera nouaeangliae), summerfall, shallow, 3.1 (0.36); short-beaked common dolphin (Delphinus delphis), summer-fall, shallow, 1319.7 (0.24); long-beaked common dolphin (D.
Species such as the finback whale and the common dolphin frequent the waters around New York this time of year, according to Durham.