Common Wheat


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Common Wheat

 

(Triticum aestivum), a species of wheat with a tough, awned or awnless, loose, elongated spike and a naked grain of varied coloring (white, yellow, red). Common wheat is hexaploid (contains 42 chromosomes in its somatic cells) and very flexible. The most common species of wheat, it is cultivated in all agricultural regions of the world. It is a winter-hardy, drought-resistant, and early-ripening plant. There are more than 250 known varieties; the most widespread varieties are Lutescens, Erythrospermum, Milturum, Albidum, Ferrugineum, and Graecum.

References in periodicals archive ?
SNP markers: Methods of analysis, ways of development and comparison on an example of common wheat.
Durum wheat is a close relative of common wheat, but it is a distinct species (Table 2).
Allelic variation of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) genes located on chromosomes 2A and 2D and development of functional markers for the PPO genes in common wheat.
Spelt, closely related to common wheat, originates in the Middle East, and has been popular for decades in Eastern Europe.
The agreement modifies the rules for common wheat and barley, and also specifies that the beginning dates for the tariff quotas for these grains is January 1 of each year.
In 1996, they introduced the 1Ax1 gene into a common wheat variety called Bobwhite.
The UK does not have specific regulations regarding the composition of pasta but both the Food Safety Act and the Food Labelling Regulations make it clear that it is an offence to misdescribe a product, so the presence of common wheat in a pasta product must be declared on the product label.
com/reports/c52826) has announced the addition of "Market Snapshot Report: Russia-Import-2005, Wheat and Meslin: Other Spelt, Common Wheat and Meslin: Other, HS/TNVED: 1001909900" to their offering.
TAP) - Tunisia launched a call for tender to import 100,000 tonnes of common wheat and 50,000 tonnes of barley, Director of Supply at the National Cereals Board (French: ONC) Abdessattar Fehri told TAP.