carp

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carp,

hardy freshwater fish, Cyprinus carpio, the largest member of the minnowminnow,
common name for the Cyprinidae, a large family of freshwater fish which includes the carp (Cyprinus carpio), and of which there are some 2,400 species. Minnows have soft-rayed fins and teeth in the throat only.
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 family; it is also known as the common carp. A native of Black, Caspian, and Aral sea basins of Eurasia, the carp has been introduced widely elsewhere in the world and has become so well established that it is called the English sparrow of the fishes. Many variations in color and form have developed. Carp have four barbels ("whiskers") around the mouth and are usually dark greenish or brown (occasionally yellowish or silvery), with red on some of the fins. Most carp are scaled, although the mirror carp variant has only a few scattered scales and the leather carp has none. Carp may reach a length of 3 ft (91 cm) and a weight of 25 lbs (11.3 kg). They are bottom feeders, eating chiefly aquatic plants but also insects and small animals; their habit of rooting in the mud often makes the water unfit for the feeding and spawning of other fish. However, they are valued commercially as food fish, especially in Europe, where they are sometimes bred and raised for this purpose. Ornamental varieties are bred in Japan. See also Asian carpAsian carp,
term for several large, hardy freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae (the minnow family) that are native to E Asia and have become invasive species in the United States. The fish, which can grow to more than 4 ft (1.
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. The common carp are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, class Actinopterygii, order Cypriniformes, family Cyprinidae.

Carp

 

(Rutilus frisii), a fish of the carp family. Body length, 75 cm; weight, 6 kg. Distributed in the basins of the Black and Azov seas, they enter the mouths of rivers and travel far upstream. They spawn in the second half of May on rocky stretches of rivers with swift, clean water and a rocky bottom. They feed mostly on bottom mollusks, whose shells they crush with powerful gullet teeth. A special subspecies, the kutum, a valuable commercial fish, lives in the basins of the Caspian Sea. Their numbers are not great and continue to grow smaller because of unfavorable conditions for reproduction.


Carp

 

(Cyprinus carpio), a fish of the family Cyprinidae of the order Cypriniformes. The carp reaches a length of 1 m and a weight of 12 kg. The fish inhabits Lake Issyk-Kul’ and the basins of the Mediterranean, Black, Caspian, and Aral seas. It also dwells in rivers of East Asia and of the western basin of the Pacific Ocean. Carps are raised artificially in Poland, Denmark, Sweden, and Great Britain. In the USSR the fish has been acclimatized in the Barabinskie lakes, Lake Balkhash, and Lake Alakol’. There are resident and migratory forms. The former live permanently in a single body of water, and the latter live in freshened areas of seas or lakes and migrate from spawning estuarine areas into rivers. Carps attain sexual maturity in the second to fifth year of life. They produce about 1.5 million roe. Spawning is intermittent, from April through July, occurring among soft vegetation in fresh or brackish coastal waters having a temperature of 12°–20°C. The roe are sticky. Carps feed on invertebrates and plants. They are commercially valuable. A cultivated form has been obtained by selection.

Z. V. KRASIUKOVA

carp

[kärp]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name for a number of fresh-water, cypriniform fishes in the family Cyprinidae, characterized by soft fins, pharyngeal teeth, and a suckerlike mouth.

carp

a pictorial symbol of bravery. [Chinese and Jap. Folklore: Jobes, 292]
See: Bravery

carp

1. a freshwater teleost food fish, Cyprinus carpio, having a body covered with cycloid scales, a naked head, one long dorsal fin, and two barbels on each side of the mouth: family Cyprinidae
2. any other fish of the family Cyprinidae; a cyprinid

CARP

(Cache Array Routing Protocol) A protocol from Microsoft that is used by one proxy server to query another for a cached Web page without having to go to the Internet to retrieve it. CARP allows arrays of cache servers to be used and managed as a single entity, which avoids redundancy and supports failover and load balancing. See ICP and proxy server.
References in periodicals archive ?
Catch of common carp were similar from gill net samples, but a greater observed presence of carp prompted the collection of this species with electrofishing samples.
The taxonomy of the common carp and goldfish is not attempted but significant data related to nomenclature of these species, so far ignored by systematicists, are included.
Meanwhile, lots of big common carp are coming out of Monument, with Daniel Smith boasting the most memorable catch with fish of 21lb, 31lb 12oz and 40lb 8oz, all to sweetcorn.
Bassets has been yielding some cracking catches on maggot with a 10lb 6oz common carp falling to the rod of 10-year-old Josh Welby, who was enjoying his first ever fishing session with his dad.
Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) have been introduced into many water bodies throughout the world, including Europe, Australia, and North America (Vooren 1972, Shearer and Mulley 1978, Mills et al.
ROGER BOOTH used plenty of angling skill to bank this fine 29lb 4oz common carp from Leamington AA's Ryton Pool.
Themassive stock of quality fish, including catfish, mirror carp, common carp, bream, tench, eels, perch and crucian carp, go on sale in the national angling press nextweek.
Meanwhile, on The Old Carp Lake, Mark Davidson continued his 'on fire' form to land three cracking fish this week with an 11lbs 8oz Common Carp, a 7lbs 12oz Mirror and a superb 17lbs 4oz Ghost Carp to complete the trio.
Spam devotees won the day and it's just as well, because without this tasty meat product, Glasgow angler Matthew Morrison wouldn't have tempted this fine common carp.
JACKSON James, from Merthyr, landed a 15lb common carp and bream to 4lb when he baited with sweetcorn at Cyfarthfa Park Lake.
ZOE SPINNER was doing a bit of margin fishing at a local commercial fishery when she hooked this pristine common carp.
However, 13-year-old schoolgirl Leonie Brookes not only caught her own personal best but set a new record for the Crofton Lake fishery when she hooked and landed a terrific common carp of 20lb 8oz.