misdemeanor

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misdemeanor,

in law, a minor crime, in contrast to a felonyfelony
, any grave crime, in contrast to a misdemeanor, that is so declared in statute or was so considered in common law. In early English law a felony was a heinous act that canceled the perpetrator's feudal rights and forfeited his lands and goods to the king, thus depriving
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. At common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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 a misdemeanor was a crime other than treason or a felony. Although it might be a grave offense, it did not affect the feudal bond or take away the offender's property. By the 19th cent. serious crimes were labeled felonies, and minor crimes misdemeanors. In the United States a misdemeanor usually is an offense that may be punished summarily by fine and by imprisonment for less than a year. Commission of a misdemeanor does not cancel citizenship or subject an alienalien,
in law, any person residing in one political community while owing allegiance to another. A procedure known as naturalization permits aliens to become citizens.

Each nation establishes conditions upon which aliens will be admitted, and makes laws concerning them.
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 to deportation. In some states of the United States certain minor law violations are not even classified as misdemeanors, e.g., traffic offenses and breach of municipal regulations.

misdemeanour

(US), misdemeanor
Criminal law (formerly) an offence generally less heinous than a felony and which until 1967 involved a different form of trial
References in periodicals archive ?
Warwickshire received 'excellent' grades in areas such as leadership, professional standards and working with other criminal justice agencies, and 'good' grades for tackling common crime, reducing the fear of crime and road policing.
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We will look at all possible causes, terrorism as well as common crime," he added.
The onus for proving rape also lies with the victim, while there is no clause covering the sexual assault of a man - a common crime in the country where according to figures collected by NGOs up to 1,000 male children are sodomised each year.
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Rape is the fourth most common crime against women in India.
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Now a day's gang rape is becoming a very common crime in our country, especially in Punjab.
Since mobile phone thievery is a common crime, Ms Brodsky gave up that she would recover her cellphone, but a week after the incident, images were appearing in her Dropbox account which was linked to her former mobile phone.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- The Ministry of Justice has announced that murder is the most common crime committed by women, with the number of women currently in prison charged with murder accounting for 28 percent of the female prison population.