common-law marriage

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common-law marriage:

see under husband and wifehusband and wife,
the legal aspects of the married state (for the sociological aspects, see marriage). The Marriage Contract

Marriage is a contractual relationship between a man and a woman that vests the parties with a new legal status.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Common-Law Marriage


marital relations not formalized in the manner provided by law (see).

In the USSR, common-law marriage does not give rise to the marital rights and duties provided by legislation on marriage and the family. From 1927 through July 8, 1944, the legislation on marriage and the family of the RSFSR and other Union republics, except the Azerbaijan, Tadzhik, Uzbek, and Ukrainian SSR’s, allowed for recognition by judicial procedure of the legal force of a common-law marriage; children born of such a marriage had the same rights and duties with respect to their parents as children born of a registered marriage.

After the adoption of the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 8, 1944, which provided for the obligatory registration of marriage, the court was not permitted to recognize common-law marital relations that were formed after July 8, 1944. Persons who had entered into a common-law marriage before the issuance of the decree were given the right to register the marriage with an indication of the time they had been living together. In case one of the parties had died or been declared missing in action during wartime, the other party had the right to apply to the court for recognition of the dead or missing person as the spouse.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
I HAVE lived with my common law husband for over 30 years and we now have three grown up children and grandchildren.
Even if a couple have lived together for several years and have children they are not regarded in law as common law husband and wife.
Carole, who has three kids with Dave, her common law husband of 13 years, met Doreen at the Royals Arcade Bingo Halls in Glenrothes, Fife, last year.
Michael Challinor, prosecuting, said Sloan's sister, Joanne, and her common law husband, Colin Gibbons, lived in Pickard Close, Rugby, but there was a background of family difficulties.
A mother-of-five yesterday spoke of her hopes of rebuilding her life as she was cleared of the murder of her common law husband.
The jury heard that her common law husband Michael Tyrell was held after trying to smuggle 396kg of cocaine into the Isle of Wight.
McNeil's dad was Hannah's common law husband and, after his death, she began having sexual relations with his son.
The court heard how the mother and her common law husband left their two sons and nephew in filthy conditions and failed to feed them properly.
Mrs Craven's common law husband Kenneth Peatfield, 49, was accused of her murder two weeks ago.
They sealed off the Drumnabey Park cul-de-sac before placing Kathleen, her common law husband Steve Welsh and their four children - aged between 11 years and four months - under what the family claimed was virtual house arrest.