common-law marriage

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common-law marriage:

see under husband and wifehusband and wife,
the legal aspects of the married state (for the sociological aspects, see marriage). The Marriage Contract

Marriage is a contractual relationship between a man and a woman that vests the parties with a new legal status.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Common-Law Marriage


marital relations not formalized in the manner provided by law (see).

In the USSR, common-law marriage does not give rise to the marital rights and duties provided by legislation on marriage and the family. From 1927 through July 8, 1944, the legislation on marriage and the family of the RSFSR and other Union republics, except the Azerbaijan, Tadzhik, Uzbek, and Ukrainian SSR’s, allowed for recognition by judicial procedure of the legal force of a common-law marriage; children born of such a marriage had the same rights and duties with respect to their parents as children born of a registered marriage.

After the adoption of the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 8, 1944, which provided for the obligatory registration of marriage, the court was not permitted to recognize common-law marital relations that were formed after July 8, 1944. Persons who had entered into a common-law marriage before the issuance of the decree were given the right to register the marriage with an indication of the time they had been living together. In case one of the parties had died or been declared missing in action during wartime, the other party had the right to apply to the court for recognition of the dead or missing person as the spouse.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Inland Spousal OWP pilot program became very popular because it reduced the hardship many spouses and common-law partners faced while waiting for first stage approval, which often took a year or more to be granted.
Local observers of lethal violence often blurred the categories, shifting back and forth in descriptions of homicides involving common-law partners. On January 26, 1939, for instance, the New Orleans Item ran the headline "Stabbed to Death: His Wife Being Sought" above the article stating that Marie Dejob was believed "to have stabbed to death her common-law husband, Willie Collins." (33) Likewise, witnesses to homicides frequently used familial terms--without the "common-law" modifier--to describe common-law partners.
In particular, empirical research in Canada has continued to rely largely on official statistics from police sources, which exclude from their classification of spousal homicides killings by men of their estranged common-law partners and girlfriends.
The proposed definition of "common-law partner" immediately attracted criticism.
This credit can be transferred between spouses or common-law partners;
The Court of Appeal admits that the negative impact on common-law spouses "...denies common-law spouses the benefit of the rule, namely, protection of their matrimonial harmony and prevention of the indignity of one spouse participating in the prosecution of the other." The Court justifies its ruling by stating that extending the rule to common-law partners would infringe respect for their autonomy, freedom of choice, and human dignity under the Charter because neither partner would be free to choose to testify if they wanted to.
Dependent children, spouses and common-law partners are considered dependents of individuals applying to immigrate to Canada temporarily (as workers or students) or permanently.
CEBU CITY -- At least P300,000 worth of suspected illegal drugs were seized from an alleged drug pusher and his common-law partner in a buy-bust operation in Pedro Compound, Purok (sub-village) Gumamela in Barangay (village) Gairan, Bogo City in northern Cebu last Tuesday evening.
(ii) outside Canada accompanying a Canadian citizen who is his or her spouse or common-law partner or, in the case of a child, his or her parent,
A property may qualify by being ordinarily inhabited by the individual, their spouse or common-law partner, or any of their children.