common-law marriage

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Related to Common-law relationship: Common law marriage

common-law marriage:

see under husband and wifehusband and wife,
the legal aspects of the married state (for the sociological aspects, see marriage). The Marriage Contract

Marriage is a contractual relationship between a man and a woman that vests the parties with a new legal status.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Common-Law Marriage


marital relations not formalized in the manner provided by law (see).

In the USSR, common-law marriage does not give rise to the marital rights and duties provided by legislation on marriage and the family. From 1927 through July 8, 1944, the legislation on marriage and the family of the RSFSR and other Union republics, except the Azerbaijan, Tadzhik, Uzbek, and Ukrainian SSR’s, allowed for recognition by judicial procedure of the legal force of a common-law marriage; children born of such a marriage had the same rights and duties with respect to their parents as children born of a registered marriage.

After the adoption of the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 8, 1944, which provided for the obligatory registration of marriage, the court was not permitted to recognize common-law marital relations that were formed after July 8, 1944. Persons who had entered into a common-law marriage before the issuance of the decree were given the right to register the marriage with an indication of the time they had been living together. In case one of the parties had died or been declared missing in action during wartime, the other party had the right to apply to the court for recognition of the dead or missing person as the spouse.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
'On the other hand, for employees in common-law relationship or same-sex relationship, discrimination also occurs in the grant of parental and other benefits for want of recognition of such relationships,' said the senator.
Common-law relationships should never have been given equal status with marriage in the first place.
In the Ching case, the Supreme Court further ruled that this prohibition against spouses applies to common-law relationships, or couples living as husband and wife without the benefit of marriage.
This study involves an analysis of 22 in-depth open-ended interviews with people in same-sex common-law relationships living in the Greater Toronto Area.
For those in common-law relationships, and even some who are married, the use of the non-gendered terms "spouse" or "partner" increasingly common.
Now, a new study has found that men who are married or in common-law relationships seek medical care sooner for a heart attack, compared to those who are single, divorced, widowed, or separated.
In 1991, questions were added about common-law relationships. This acknowledged the growth in the number of couples living together without being legally married.
In 2000, Canada passed a far-reaching law that granted same-sex common-law relationships the same legal footing as straight unions.
If we bless homosexual unions, will it lead to the blessing of common-law relationships? If we bless common-law relationships, will it lead to the abolition of marriages altogether?
* Bill 34 -- The Charter Compliance Act amends 56 Manitoba Acts to bring them into compliance with the Charter primarily in the areas of adoption, conflict of interest, protection of the public interest and discrimination (during our last session legislation dealing with support and certain pension and death benefit provisions applicable to persons in common-law relationships was amended to comply with the Supreme Court of Canada's decision in M.
And adults living in common-law relationships are the least likely to show up in church on Sunday, according to the recently released General Social Survey for 1998.
Briefly, "family" has been construed broadly by the legislation, and includes any relationship arising out of blood, marriage or adoption, such that siblings, in-laws, and extended family are all captured by the definition of "family." Marital status in both Acts includes common-law relationships.