common-law marriage

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common-law marriage:

see under husband and wifehusband and wife,
the legal aspects of the married state (for the sociological aspects, see marriage). The Marriage Contract

Marriage is a contractual relationship between a man and a woman that vests the parties with a new legal status.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Common-Law Marriage


marital relations not formalized in the manner provided by law (see).

In the USSR, common-law marriage does not give rise to the marital rights and duties provided by legislation on marriage and the family. From 1927 through July 8, 1944, the legislation on marriage and the family of the RSFSR and other Union republics, except the Azerbaijan, Tadzhik, Uzbek, and Ukrainian SSR’s, allowed for recognition by judicial procedure of the legal force of a common-law marriage; children born of such a marriage had the same rights and duties with respect to their parents as children born of a registered marriage.

After the adoption of the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 8, 1944, which provided for the obligatory registration of marriage, the court was not permitted to recognize common-law marital relations that were formed after July 8, 1944. Persons who had entered into a common-law marriage before the issuance of the decree were given the right to register the marriage with an indication of the time they had been living together. In case one of the parties had died or been declared missing in action during wartime, the other party had the right to apply to the court for recognition of the dead or missing person as the spouse.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite this plastic language, killers and victims consistently distinguished formally married spouses from common-law spouses. In their testimony to police officers investigating domestic homicides and in interviews with local journalists, killers and victims used the specific phrase that, by custom (and, in other states, by law), defined a union as a common-law marriage.
(51) Similarly, the circuit split over whether section 601(a) applies to a victim's legal spouse, common-law spouse, unmarried partner, or merely the victim suggests that the provision may not be entirely clear.
The challenge to include common-law spouses was made by defence counsel, acting for their clients whose common-law spouses were compelled to testify as Crown witnesses in a first-degree murder trial.
"British law already recognises common-law spouses so legalising polygamy would just be an extension of that."
In 1996, substantially fewer murders of intimates were committed by spouses, former spouses, common-law spouses, same sex partners, boyfriends, and girlfriends than in any other year since 1976, according to a recent Justice Department study.
This covers legal and common-law spouses, siblings, parents, and children (legitimate, illegitimate, and adopted), and the spouses of their second-degree relatives.
The Family Law Act applies to everyone, including married spouses, adult interdependent partners (common-law spouses), and people who had a child together and are neither spouses nor partners.
Treasury Board that the federal government must grant the same employment benefits under collective agreements to same-sex couples as those offered to common-law spouses of public service employees; that decision is affirmed by the federal court the following year.
And in nine Canadian provinces, after one year of living together, a couple--straight or same-sex are considered common-law spouses. This allows spouses to claim pension benefits and be recognized in insurance claims.
IT is probably that the scheme rules of the pension scheme only allow payment to legal spouses rather than common-law spouses and this is not unusual.
And last June, Quebec extended the rights of common-law spouses to same-sex couples.
Freedom with stable income enabled free-born common-law spouses to live together.