common-law marriage

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common-law marriage:

see under husband and wifehusband and wife,
the legal aspects of the married state (for the sociological aspects, see marriage). The Marriage Contract

Marriage is a contractual relationship between a man and a woman that vests the parties with a new legal status.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Common-Law Marriage


marital relations not formalized in the manner provided by law (see).

In the USSR, common-law marriage does not give rise to the marital rights and duties provided by legislation on marriage and the family. From 1927 through July 8, 1944, the legislation on marriage and the family of the RSFSR and other Union republics, except the Azerbaijan, Tadzhik, Uzbek, and Ukrainian SSR’s, allowed for recognition by judicial procedure of the legal force of a common-law marriage; children born of such a marriage had the same rights and duties with respect to their parents as children born of a registered marriage.

After the adoption of the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 8, 1944, which provided for the obligatory registration of marriage, the court was not permitted to recognize common-law marital relations that were formed after July 8, 1944. Persons who had entered into a common-law marriage before the issuance of the decree were given the right to register the marriage with an indication of the time they had been living together. In case one of the parties had died or been declared missing in action during wartime, the other party had the right to apply to the court for recognition of the dead or missing person as the spouse.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
And Rennie visited his lover at her red-brick council house in Wybourne, Sheffield, ten miles from the semi-detached home he shares with his common-law wife, five-year-old daughter and son.
He kept the meat, storing it in his freezer, and cut off one of the hooves as a good luck charm for his common-law wife's daughter.
Ko claimed his common-law wife, Lee, 35, also abused the girl, but said the beating did not cause her death.
Twisted Bambrick, who killed common-law wife Patricia and young mum Mary Cummins, is being put up by the state in Ongar, Dublin 15.
Belafonte was convicted of assaulting his common-law wife Nicole Contreras in 2003 in a drunken frenzy.
A man who allegedly killed his common-law wife with a cobra to claim compensation from an insurance company is on the run in Thailand.
James McKee, 81, lived in the house for 40 years with his common-law wife Susan Clark.
THE common-law wife of a Merseyside warehouse manager has been charged with plotting to murder him.
Boland's common-law wife Margaret Tierney, 38, of Vanguard Street, Anfield, was yesterday jailed for 18 months after being convicted of trying to impede his arrest and with attempting to pervert the course of justice.
The 51-year-old detained man is reported to have moved to the area from Coventry three years ago with his common-law wife and their family.
Coventry Crown Court heard that Farndon phoned a casualty bureau after the smash on February 28 to say he had dropped his common-law wife at York station and was concerned for her safety.
According to the rulings, Sakamoto, 45, hit his common-law wife Khanittha, then 25, on the head with a rubber hammer several times before suffocating her at her house in Ichihara in Chiba Prefecture on March 17 last year.