Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

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Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

 

(in Polish, Rzeczpospolita), the traditional name of the Polish state from the late 15th century through the 18th. The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was a specific type of monarchy subject to influence from the estates and headed by a king elected by the Sejm. From the time of the Union of Lublin of 1569 until 1795, this was the official name of the Polish-Lithuanian state.

References in periodicals archive ?
I wanted to conquer Moscow and to create Rzeczpospolita [the Polish word meaning 'republic' and referring to the historical commonwealth of Poland and Lithuania] with you, not with Lenin and Stalin," Kazanavicius-Dzerzhinsky said, talking further about "the Vilnius empire," and adding, "I was lonely in the sea of Slavs.
Few countries in medieval Europe welcomed Jews as readily as the Commonwealth of Poland and Lithuania and there exists a myth of Casimir or Kazimierz the Great, a wise king of the fourteenth century who 'was good to the Jews' and may or may not had a Jewish mistress.
In 1627 Meletij Smotryc'kyj wrote a letter from Ukraine, in the Commonwealth of Poland and Lithuania, addressed to Pope Urban VIII in Rome in the flattering language of an accomplished ecclesiastical courtier.

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