Communist Party of Thailand

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Communist Party of Thailand


(CPT, Pak Commiunist Heng Pratetthai), organized at its first congress, held illegally in 1942, on the basis of underground Marxist groups. (The second congress was held in 1952 and the third in 1961.) During World War II the CPT participated in the armed struggle against the Japanese occupiers. In 1946 it had the opportunity to operate legally for the first time. Three members of the CPT were elected deputies to the parliament of Thailand, and the Communist Party began publishing its own organ, the newspaper Mahachon.

After the coup of 1947 in Thailand, the CPT was forced to go underground, and it began operating illegally again. An underground radio broadcasting unit was established, called Siang Cong Pracheachon Thai (Voice of the People of Thailand). The CPT opposed the existing regime and the dominance of foreign imperialism in Thailand, casting its lot with armed struggle. The Thai People’s Liberation Armed Forces, established by the CPT in the 1960’s, began carrying out partisan operations against government troops and the police. In 1969, CPT radio proclaimed the creation of the Supreme Command of the Thai People’s Liberation Armed Forces.

Delegations of the CPT participated in international Conferences of Communist and Workers’ Parties held in Moscow in 1957 and 1960, and the CPT approved the documents of the conferences. Later the leaders of the CPT, who were influenced by the dissident policy of the leadership of the Communist Party of China, in effect isolated the CPT from the international communist movement.


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Not only did Northeasterners, Keyes argues, have access to news of the terrifying realities of communist government in neighbouring Laos and Cambodia, but the Communist Party of Thailand (CPT) failed to appreciate the nature of a rural society based on the values of Theravada Buddhism (pp.
Jularat Damrongviteethan gives an account of the appalling 'Red Barrel incident', in which suspected Communists in Lamsin were incinerated in petrol barrels as part of the Thai state's efforts to suppress the Communist Party of Thailand (CPT).
He replaced Thida Thawornseth, a former member of the banned Communist Party of Thailand whose schoolteacher demeanor and lofty speeches left some wondering whether she was out of touch with the movement's grassroots supporters.
Crucially, the Hmong at Khek Noi were not particularly wealthy, as many were resettled to Khek Noi after spending years in the forests fighting as soldiers for the Communist Party of Thailand (CPT).
Surayud fought Thai communist insurgents, including his father who was a key member of the Communist Party of Thailand, along the Cambodian border from the mid-1970s to 1980.
Since many of the so-called communist rebels were never members of the Beijing-backed Communist Party of Thailand (CPT), but actually middle-class students from Bangkok with little appetite for a lifetime of guerrilla warfare, the amnesty strategy proved highly successful.
In 1950, poet Atsani Phonlachan, who later became a Communist Party of Thailand (CPT) central committee member, published a translation of Mao Tse-tung's lectures in which he translated the Chinese word for 'ideology' as lati.
Somchai Phatharathananuth (2006) recounts the eventful struggles and fates of SSFAI and AOP, arguably two of the most active civil society organizations since the defeat of popular movements in October 1976 and the Communist Party of Thailand (CPT) in the early 1980s.
The military lost its ideological base and much of its direct support after the United States withdrew from military bases in Thailand in 1976, and after the Communist Party of Thailand (CPT) ended its armed insurrection at the end of the 1980s.
Thus established in 1971, the Village Scout Movement was designed to perform counter-insurgency programmes along with the BPP and other security units in the northeastern villages where the Communist Party of Thailand (CPT) has launched their armed struggle six years earlier.
Support at the national level also dwindled due to shifting alignments between class fractions and state factions and to the demise of the Communist Party of Thailand.
The CPB survived much longer than the Communist Party of Thailand and of Malaysia, both of which could not sustain post-Mao cut-backs in Chinese aid.

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