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Official name: Union of the Comoros

Capital city: Moroni

Internet country code: .km

Flag description: Four equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), white, red, and blue with a green isosceles triangle based on the hoist; centered within the triangle is a white crescent with the convex side facing the hoist and four white, five-pointed stars placed vertically in a line between the points of the crescent; the horizontal bands and the four stars represent the four main islands of the archipelago - Mwali, Njazidja, Nzwani, and Mahore (Mayotte - territorial collectivity of France, but claimed by Comoros); the crescent, stars, and color green are tradi­tional symbols of Islam

National anthem: “Udzima Wamasiwa” (Union des Óles), lyrics by Said Hachim Sidi Abderemane, music by Kamil­dine Abdallah et Said Hachim Sidi Abderemane

Geographical description: Southern Africa, group of islands at the northern mouth of the Mozambique Chan­nel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Mada­gascar and northern Mozambique

Total area: 838 sq. mi. (2,171 sq. km.)

Climate: Tropical marine; rainy season (November to May)

Nationality: noun: Comoran(s); adjective: Comoran

Population: 711,417 (July 2007 CIA est.)

Ethnic groups: Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava

Languages spoken: Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)

Religions: Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%

Legal Holidays:

Cheikh Al Maarouf DayMar 18
Independence DayJul 6
Journee Nationale MaoreNov 12
Labor DayMay 1
New Year's DayJan 1
Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary, Fourth Edition. © 2010 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Until recently, Comoran politics were plagued by political instability and civil strife, with numerous coups and secession attempts since independence from France in 1975.
The 2004 law prohibits cash transactions over Comoran francs 5 million (approximately $16,500).
"The Comorans I have spoken to are excited to have this school," said BUCN Benjamin B.
The Comoran told French radio Bahia was ejected from the plane as it hit the sea, after speaking with her by phone from her intensive care unit.
Comoran Vice President Idi Nadhoim told Reuters no other survivors had been found by Wednesday morning.
"We've organised boycotts, we've told the Comoran community not to fly on Yemenia airways because they make a lot of money off of us and meanwhile the conditions on the planes are disastrous."
Comorans in Paris who have used the flight also attacked conditions on it.
Comorans in the French city of Marseille, home to more Comorans than the tiny Indian Ocean state's capital, said the tragedy was waiting to happen.
Muslims are divided between those of Malagasy ethnicity, Indo-Pakistanis, and Comorans.
Expatriate Comorans, mourning Tuesday's crash of an Airbus plane off their Indian Ocean archipelago, said they had complained to French authorities last week about the Yemeni operator's "rubbish" aircraft and poor security.
Foreign remittances from Comorans abroad in France, Mayotte (claimed by France) and elsewhere remain the most important influx of funds for most Comorons.
MORONI: Comorans expected to vote in constitutional referendum aimed at settling long-running crisis on the breakaway island of Anjouan by granting all three islands greater autonomy.