Comoro Islands


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Comoro Islands

 

(known by the local inhabitants as the Moon Islands), a group of six islands in the Mozambique Channel of the Indian Ocean between Madagascar and Africa. The Comoros were a French territory until 1975; they are now an independent state. Area, 2,171 sq km; population, 280,000 (1970). The inhabitants are primarily Antaloatra (of Arab descent), mixed with the Malagasy and Bantu peoples. The administrative center is Moroni, on Grande Comore Island. The islands, which are composed of basalts, are of volcanic origin; there are some active volcanoes. Elevations reach 2,560 m. The Comoro Islands are surrounded by coral reefs. The climate is tropical, hot, and humid. The annual precipitation is 1,100–3,000 mm. The upper regions of the slopes are covered with dense tropical forests; at lower elevations there are savannas and thickets. There are plantations on which rice, sugarcane, coconuts, bananas, coffee trees, and cloves are cultivated. Livestock is also raised. The Comoro Islands were discovered in 1598 by the Dutch navigator K. Hoetman. (According to other sources, they were discovered in 1591 by the British navigator J. Lancaster.)

References in periodicals archive ?
Richard Winterbottom also collected 23 lots of this species in the Comoro Islands.
Prior to this study, only the cylapinae Afrovannius jordi Gorczyca from Mayotte Island was known from the Comoro Islands (Gorczyca, 2011).
And a report in November in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences raises the possibility of a third family member, suggesting that a population of coelacanths living off of the northern portion of Tanzania's coast may be distinct from their Comoro Islands relatives, having diverged 200,000 years ago.
Sixteen Arab countries are taking part in the conference, while Egypt and Jordan--which have diplomatic ties with Israel--and Bahrain, Oman, Mauritania, and the Comoro Islands were absent.
one by the Air France into the Atlantic Ocean and the second by Yemen Airways in the Indian Ocean off the coast of the Comoro Islands E.
A 14-year-old girl was rescued from the Indian Ocean following the crash of Flight IY 626, which was en route from Sana'a, Yemen, to Moroni in the Comoro Islands, carrying 142 passengers and 11 crew members.
For cost saving or security reasons, the United States closed its embassies in Guinea-Bissau, Seychelles and Comoro Islands, while China pointedly maintained its embassies in all three countries.
Derek Hill said he became fascinated with bacteria after being struck down with a blood poisoning illness - streptococcal septicemia - on the Comoro Islands, which lie between Madagascar and Mozambique.
The current black list also includes all Congolese airlines (except for Hewa Bora Airways), and those of Equatorial Guinea, the Republic of Kyrgyzstan, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Swaziland, and some airlines of Sudan, Afghanistan, Rwanda, Suriname, Pakistan, the Comoro Islands, Bangladesh and North Korea.
An outbreak of chikungunya occurred in the Comoro Islands in early 2005; since then, the virus has circulated to other islands in the Indian Ocean.
The species is known from the Comoro Islands, northern Madagascar and Bazaruto and Inhaca Islands, Mozambique.