Comoro Islands

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Comoro Islands

 

(known by the local inhabitants as the Moon Islands), a group of six islands in the Mozambique Channel of the Indian Ocean between Madagascar and Africa. The Comoros were a French territory until 1975; they are now an independent state. Area, 2,171 sq km; population, 280,000 (1970). The inhabitants are primarily Antaloatra (of Arab descent), mixed with the Malagasy and Bantu peoples. The administrative center is Moroni, on Grande Comore Island. The islands, which are composed of basalts, are of volcanic origin; there are some active volcanoes. Elevations reach 2,560 m. The Comoro Islands are surrounded by coral reefs. The climate is tropical, hot, and humid. The annual precipitation is 1,100–3,000 mm. The upper regions of the slopes are covered with dense tropical forests; at lower elevations there are savannas and thickets. There are plantations on which rice, sugarcane, coconuts, bananas, coffee trees, and cloves are cultivated. Livestock is also raised. The Comoro Islands were discovered in 1598 by the Dutch navigator K. Hoetman. (According to other sources, they were discovered in 1591 by the British navigator J. Lancaster.)

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
[6.] Rebaudet S, Bogreau H, Silai R, et al Genetic structure of Plasmodium falciparum and elimination of malaria, Comoros Archipelago. Emerg Infect Dis 2010;16(11):1686-1694.
Falciparum malaria remains a major public health problem on the 4 islands of the Comoros archipelago (Grande Comore, Moheli, Anjouan, and Mayotte) (Table 1) in the Indian Ocean between Madagascar and the eastern coast of Africa.
The mean MOIs remained low for the Comoros archipelago in comparison with African areas, where malaria is highly endemic (4), most likely because of moderate levels of malaria transmission (4,5).
Therefore, the relevance of parasite inflow from Africa (mostly the Tanzania coast, Madagascar, or other malaria-endemic areas) should be evaluated before the elimination project is extended to the rest of the Comoros archipelago. Similar data would also be useful for Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Solomon islands, or Vanuatu, several islands where national or localized malaria elimination projects are being implemented (2).
French and US aircraft have joined the search where the Airbus A310-300 went down off the Comoros archipelago.
With a population of around 800,000, the formerly French-ruled Comoros archipelago comprises three islands off mainland east Africa and just north-west of Madagascar.
Mayotte, a French territory, is located northwest of Madagascar, in the Comoros archipelago (Figure).
Outbreak of Chikungunya fever in Mayotte, Comoros archipelago, 2005-2006.
The manager of the international airport in Moroni - the capital of the main island of the Comoros archipelago and the plane's intended destination - said the boy was five.
The plane - with 142 passengers, including three infants, and 11 crew - was flying from Sanaa to Moroni, the capital of the main island of the Comoros archipelago when it went down in choppy seas as it tried to land.
Debris believed to be from the Yemeni Airbus A310-300 was earlier spotted off the Comoros archipelago in the Indian Ocean.