Compact Car

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Compact Car

 

(in Russian, malolitrazhnyi avtomobil) the conventional designation for passenger cars with an engine displacement of 0.85-1.5 liters and a weight of 700-1,000 kg. Compact cars are designed for personal and official use (medical and postal service).

Modern compact cars usually have forward, longitudinal placement of the engine, with rear-wheel drive, although there are also arrangements with forward transverse or rear engine placement (in which the engine is combined with the transmission and rear-axle drive), with front-wheel or rear-wheel drive, respectively. Compact cars are usually equipped with four-cylinder, four-cycle water-cooled gasoline engines (rear-mounted engines are often air-cooled) with a power of 44-59 kilowatts (kW), or 60-80 hp. The frame-supported body seats four to five; maximum speed is 140-150 km/hr; acceleration from 0 to 100 km/hr (manual transmission) on a straight, level road with an improved surface (with the driver and one passenger) is about 20 sec. Average fuel consumption is 7-9 liters per 100 km.

In the USSR, compact cars are produced by the Lenin Komsomol Moscow Automotive Plant and the Izhevsk Machine-building Plant (Moskvich-412) and by the Volga and Zaporozh’e automotive plants (the Zhiguli VAZ-2101 [foreign trade name,. Lada] and Zaporozhets ZAZ-968). Abroad, compact cars are manufactured in great numbers in Japan and in the European countries.

References in periodicals archive ?
As far Tesla Model 3 is concerned, its admirers repose more faith on its instantaneous yet silent acceleration that takes it into a giant form to beat turbo compact cars.
At the moment there is no plan for compact cars in India," he said.
Grace Poe had asked the LTFRB to go slow on its plan, noting that the owners of compact cars who have already registered with TNCs under the old guidelines 'should not be suddenly deprived of their livelihood.'
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India is making cars smaller than what global buyers really want, but this isn't contrary to the notion of people wanting more compact cars. Still, while it might not make sense for manufacturers to make these models in India given the lack of local demand, components like engines, transmissions which can be used across models are gaining importance.
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The Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB) should 'act humanely' and reconsider its plan to disallow hatchbacks and compact cars to operate as transport network vehicle services (TNVS), Senator Grace Poe appealed on Wednesday.