company

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company

1. a business enterprise
2. the members of an enterprise not specifically mentioned in the enterprise's title
3. a group of actors, usually including business and technical personnel
4. the officers and crew of a ship
5. a unit of Girl Guides
6. English history a medieval guild

Company

 

a tactical unit in motorized rifle (motorized infantry or infantry), tank, airborne, engineer, and other troops.

The first companies were formed in the mercenary armies of the Western European states in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. In the Russian Army companies were formed in the “regiments of the new order” and were subdivisions of infantry, cavalry, and artillery regiments. In the Russian Army cavalry companies were replaced by squadrons in the early 18th century, and in 1833 artillery companies were renamed batteries. By the start of World War I, companies in the different armies had 200–250 men; by the start of World War II, their size was 120–150.

The present-day company usually has several platoons and is part of a battalion. For example, in the US armed forces an infantry or motorized infantry company consists of the company administration, three infantry or motorized infantry platoons, and a weapons platoon; it has approximately 200 men. In the armed forces of the United States, Great Britain, and other countries, divisions, brigades, and battalions have headquarters companies.

References in classic literature ?
In the old times of the great Northwest Company, when the trade in furs was pursued chiefly about the lakes and rivers, the expeditions were carried on in batteaux and canoes.
Indeed, the partners from below considered the whole dignity of the company as represented in their persons, and conducted themselves in suitable style.
Such was the Northwest Company in its powerful and prosperous days, when it held a kind of feudal sway over a vast domain of lake and forest.
Vail's first step, naturally, was to stiffen up the backbone of this little company, and to prevent the Western Union from frightening it into a surrender.
We must organize companies with sufficient vitality to carry on a fight, as it is simply useless to get a company started that will succumb to the first bit of opposition it may encounter.
He agreed to take part of the royalties in stock, when any local company preferred to pay its debts in this way.
His central idea, from the first, was not the mere leasing of telephones, but rather the creation of a Federal company that would be a permanent partner in the entire telephone business.
There was probably not one company that could say it was making a cent, nor even that it EXPECTED to make a cent.
I have advanced the Company two thousand dollars to-day, and Williams must have three thousand dollars more this month.
And if the company had little money, it had less credit.
By a strange coincidence, the magnificent building of the New York Telephone Company stands to-day on the site of Tillotson's store.
Month after month, the little Bell Company lived from hand to mouth.