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(Compaq Computer Corporation, Houston, TX, The leading PC manufacturer when acquired by HP in 2002. Founded in 1982 by Rod Canion, Jim Harris and Bill Murto, one year later Compaq shipped 53,000 IBM PC-compatible COMPAQ Portables running MS-DOS and resulting in USD $111 million in revenues, an American business record. Compaq's success was due to enabling the machine to run all software written for the IBM PC, a task others had not yet accomplished as thoroughly (see ROM BIOS). See PC clone.

In 1984, Compaq introduced its DESKPRO desktop computers and achieved a sales record in its second year. In 1986, it was the first to offer a 386-based machine. Throughout its history, Compaq was well respected for its high-quality products and innovations. Maintaining this high profile kept it from initially competing with the mail order houses that were dramatically driving down prices in the 1990s. Compaq later became competitive and a leading vendor in the mass market stores.

In 1997, Compaq acquired Tandem Computers, the first company to build fault-tolerant computers from the ground up. Tandem brought Compaq a strong background in high-availability systems for mission critical applications. In 1998, Compaq acquired Digital Equipment Corporation, one of the oldest computer companies. Digital's presence in major companies, plus its large service organization, added a significant enterprise presence for Compaq. See Digital Equipment.

Compaq's Founders
Canion, Harris and Murto (left to right) founded one of the most successful computer companies in the industry. (Image courtesy of Compaq Computer Corporation.)

The COMPAQ Portable
The COMPAQ Portable was the first completely IBM-compatible PC. Its rugged construction and "luggability" (30 pounds) made it a huge success. (Image courtesy of Compaq Computer Corporation.)
References in periodicals archive ?
25pm, a thief entered the premises of Lex Multipart, on the Courtyard industrial estate, and removed a black Compaq Armada 700 series laptop.
The development will enable Compaq Armada notebook users to take advantage of the latest biometrics technology whilst on the move.
I got a great deal on a Compaq Armada 1573DM at a local PC outlet centre.
There are up to five Compaq Deskpros in each classroom, supplemented by 80 additional Compaq Armada 1700 notebooks that are used by the teachers on an as-needed basis.
The machines were of the same type - Compaq Armada 7800 laptops with 266Mhz processors - but the Windows 3.
The Compaq Armada 1500, worth more than pounds 1,900, is elegant, economical and can fit into your briefcase - or sportsbag - when you need your pc with you on the move.