Comparative Grammar

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Related to Comparative Grammar: generative grammar
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Comparative Grammar


the comparative genetic study of the phonetics (phonology), morphophonemics, word formation, inflection, and sometimes the syntax of a family or group of related languages. A comparative grammar together with an etymological dictionary can summarize the results of the comparative genetic study of a family (group) of languages.

The first comparative grammars of the Indo-European languages were written by F. Bopp and A. Schleicher. A more complete comparative grammar of the Indo-European languages was written by K. Brugmann and B. Delbrück. Since the second half of the 19th century and throughout the 20th century, individual branches of the Indo-European family of languages and of other families and groups of languages have been the subject of comparative grammatical studies.


SravniteV naia grammatika germanskikh iazykov, vols. 1–4. Moscow, 1962–66.
Bernshtein, S. B. Ocherk sravnitel’noi grammatiki slavianskikh iazykov [vols. 1–2], Moscow 1961–74.
Brugmann, K., and B. Delbrück. Grundriss der vergleichenden Grammatik, vols. 1–2. Strassburg, 1897–1916.
Caldwell, R. A Comparative Grammar of the Dravidian or South-Indian Family of Languages, 3rd ed. London, 1913.
Collinder, B. Comparative Grammar of the Uralte Languages. Stockholm, 1960.
Poppe, N. Vergleichende Grammatik der altaischen Sprachen, part 1. Wiesbaden, 1960.
An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages. Wiesbaden, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages: Phonology and Morphology, ed.
The features of the Hebrew of the earliest Biblical poetry are then set out, followed by a long presentation of the features of the standard pre-exilic Hebrew, covering such diverse topics as vocabulary, parallelism, dialects, loanwords, comparative grammar, and a precis of the morphology.
In chapter four Edzard discusses a range of particular problems of the comparative grammar of Semitic languages.
Lipinski, Semitic Languages: Outline of a Comparative Grammar [Leuven: Peeters, 1997], 334 ff.).
In his Comparative Grammar, Vladimirtsov stated that the Kanjur and the Tanjur preserved several Middle Mongolian texts revised by the late editors.
Caldwell's Comparative Grammar (the interest in which is still far from being merely historical), Jules Bloch's attempt of 1946 at synthesis, some papers by L.
Barry Levy ("The Language of Neophyti 1: A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of the Palestinian Targum,' Ph.D.
Many of the fifty-five articles appeared in little-available journals and collections, and, in the absence of such a complement to the Etymological Dictionary, this volume provides an interim Gurage comparative grammar. Some of the articles could have used some updating annotation, and the introduction might helpfully have provided some contextualizing of the articles, and related them to one another.

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