Compensation Currents

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Compensation Currents

 

horizontal movements of water masses that make up for loss of water in a given part of an ocean, sea, or lake.

Compensation currents may develop in both the surface and deep-lying layers of the water. The inter-trade-wind (equatorial) countercurrents of the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans are examples of compensation currents.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
We show that for a compensation currents vector in the form of an inactive Fryze current
Thus, in order to realize the consumption from a three-phase current source of current active current of direct sequence, the main harmonic of the compensation current should contain the following components in symmetric coordinates:
In the time domain, the compensation current vector also includes a higher harmonic vector:
A novel approach to determine reference compensation currents of the three-phase shunt active power filter (APF) under distorted and/or imbalanced source voltages [1].
Compensation currents in a-AY axis are computed according to equation (6).
LPF are used in feed forward configuration to obtain harmonic compensation currents.
where [i.sub.ck] (k = a, b, c) are the APF compensation currents. As the three-phase load is symmetric, the [i.sub.ck] are symmetric, so there is
In the converter, the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd bridge are used to produce compensation current [i.sub.ca], [i.sub.cb], [i.sub.cc] of phase A, B, and C, respectively.
The biggest difference value in of both compensation currents is around [+ or -]7 A (Fig.
If is is the source current, [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] is the load current and iC is the compensation current then
To calculate the reference compensation currents in the a-p coordinates, the expression 3 is inverted as given below,
In order to obtain the reference compensation currents in the a-b-c coordinates the inverse of the transformation is applied to eqn 2 and is given as

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