Compensator


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compensator

[′käm·pən‚sād·ər]
(control systems)
A device introduced into a feedback control system to improve performance and achieve stability. Also known as filter.
(electronics)
A component that offsets an error or other undesired effect.
(optics)
A device, usually consisting of two quartz wedges, for determining the phase difference between the two components of elliptically polarized light.

Compensator

 

in technology:

(1) A device or filler for compensating or balancing the effect of various factors—such as temperature, pressure, and position—on the condition and operation of structures, systems, machines, and instruments. It ensures that they are in working order by eliminating the effect of the factors listed above; it is also used to measure or adjust physical quantities (for example, an optical compensator). The design of compensators that are used in the assembly and maintenance of machines is determined by the limiting values and the necessary compensation accuracy.

A distinction is made between fixed and movable compensators. The fixed compensators include gaskets, filler rings, and similar parts whose dimensions and shape eliminate deviations from nominal dimensions. Fillers that fix the position established for the parts after hardening may also be fixed compensators. Such compensators are used in the production of models and technological attachments.

Movable compensators may have periodic or continuous action. Compensators with periodic action (adjusting screws, eccentric bushings, and so on) eliminate dimensional variations during movement or rotation. Continuous compensators operate automatically; examples are double universal joints that compensate for shaft misalignment (the Hooke’s joint) and bellows that compensate for elongation in pipes.

In machines that operate under various thermal conditions (for example, internal-combustion engines) compensators eliminate the effect of thermal strains; in closed fluid systems (in hydraulically driven machines), constant pressure is maintained by the fluid compensators during temperature changes in the fluid. In electrical engineering a compensator is used to improve the power factor (cos ø) and regulate the voltage in power systems. Compensators are needed for the normal operation of off-axial shafts, to provide the prescribed clearances in supports and gearing, to transmit motion between moving shafts, and to eliminate play in joints. Their use makes possible the general adoption of interchangeable parts and improves the service life and repairability of machines with less accurately made parts. The introduction of compensators into machines makes the mass-production process easier, reduces individual adjustment of parts during assembly, and reduces production and operating expenses.

(2) A thermomagnetic ferroalloy containing 38 percent nickel and 14 percent chromium. It is used in various electrical measuring instruments for shunts on permanent magnets to reduce temperature error.

REFERENCE

Spravochnik mashinostroitelia, 2nd ed., vol. 4. Moscow, 1956.

S. V. BESPALOV and A. I. ZUSMAN

compensator

In fire sprinkler systems, a device intended to minimize false alarms caused by small increases in service pressure of the water supply.
References in periodicals archive ?
A principle of the distribution of compensating currents between the active filter and the reactive compensator of a three-phase three-wire power supply system with asymmetric sinusoidal voltages is proposed, which provides the consumption of symmetric sinusoidal source currents and minimizes the mean square value of the filter currents.
The top ports on a compensator direct the gas upward.
Back at the shop, the pistol was given one final cleaning and the compensator was installed according to manufacturer's instructions.
In this case, the optimization process ended after 268 runs of the SPS-model and led the solution to the following capacitor values of the compensator capacitances:
During daylight hours, you can reap the benefits of controlling recoil and muzzle rise and at night you can attach a suppressor, which is the best compensator out there, while also producing less muzzle flash and reduced noise.
The motivation of the proposed resolution is to provide the direct determination of the power of optimum balanced capacitive compensator and to be used for detection of the harmonic producing loads in the smart power grids.
The phase-lag compensator is applied to the gain-compensated system, and hence multiplying (15) by (17) gives (18) which represents the transfer function of the phase-lag compensated system for the inner current control loop:
The voltage loop compensator C1 (s) design is dependent on the design of T1 (s), and it is a PI compensator whose gain is adjusted to have the desired crossover frequency.
I decided to go with the Clark Custom Guns 1911 Drop-In Match Barrel and Compensator Kit (Brownells # 181-165-000, $280).