Complex Structures

Complex Structures


stonework construction (walls, piers, columns) reinforced with ferroconcrete elements that work together with the masonry.

Complex structures are used when significantly increased supporting power is required for stone constructions without an increase in dimension. This is particularly important for the walls of buildings in earthquake-prone regions. The advantage of complex structures over those of stone alone is greater strength. However, complex construction requires more labor than construction with precast reinforced concrete.


Poliakov, S. V., and B. N. Falevich. Proektirovanie kamennykh i krupnopanel’nykh konstruktsii. Moscow, 1966.
Spravochnik proektirovshchika. Vol. 12: Kamennye i armokamennye konstruktsii. Moscow, 1968.


References in classic literature ?
Instead of serried rows of bees sealing up every gap in the combs and keeping the brood warm, he sees the skillful complex structures of the combs, but no longer in their former state of purity.
I cannot refrain from once again remarking on the singularity of these complex structures -- a great sandy and generally concave disk rises abruptly from the unfathomable ocean, with its central expanse studded, and its edge symmetrically bordered with oval basins of coral-rock just lipping the surface of the sea, sometimes clothed with vegetation, and each containing a lake of clear water!
However, as important as crosslinking is, uniform crosslinking with precise control is difficult, especially for complex structures with varying thicknesses and materials.
The source told the reporter of the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / that: "taking over the complex structures and the University of Fallujah will increase the siege imposed on the Amiriyat Fallujah.
In a move to prevent the recurrence of the financial crisis of 2008, the Indian central bank has said that foreign banks operating in the nation with complex structures can only operate via wholly owned subsidiaries (WOS).
These complex structures were set up by Spanish banks and generally involve a leasing company, Spanish taxpayers wishing to reduce their basic taxable amount and an economic interest grouping (EIG), which is the initial beneficiary of the tax measures in question.
Nanoscale self-assembly devices are complex structures organized from simpler subcomponents - either naturally occurring or engineered - which assume complex structures difficult to attain by chemical synthesis," said the paper's corresponding author Dr.
The new centre provides support throughout Asia for customers requiring advanced modelling of complex structures and recipe development.
This is an unusual example of 'self-assembly', a process which underpins biology and allows complex structures to assemble from more simple building blocks.
CRELUX and ProQinase have entered into a joint agreement to supply customers with crystal-grade protein kinases and readily available kinase complex structures.
Our ability to balance sheet a $242M mixed use property demonstrates our flexibility and our willingness to handle complex structures on large transactions and our desire to be a top lender in the market.
The branched string is really a simple analogue of the more complex structures found in things like plates and curved shells--bars, cymbals, bells, and gongs," he notes.

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