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in criminal law, the intentional joint participation of two or more persons in the commission of a crime.

A crime involving complicity presents a greater social danger, since it may do especially appreciable harm to the interests of the state and to the rights and legal interests of citizens and since it makes it easier for the accomplices to conceal the traces of their crime. For complicity to be present, the accomplices in the crime must act in common and have had a common intent. Complicity may involve a prior agreement or no prior agreement.

Soviet criminal law distinguishes between two kinds of complicity, depending on the relationship between the accomplices and on each one’s role in the commission of the crime. In simple complicity, all participants in the crime perform the same intentional activity—for example, all take part personally in a murder. In complex complicity, the different accomplices—perpetrator, organizer, instigator, and accessory—perform different functions. In both simple and complex complicity, punishment is assigned to each according to the degree and character of participation in the commission of the crime.

Criminal law also provides for special forms of complicity, such as organized groups and criminal societies—for example, a gang or an anti-Soviet organization. The commission of a crime by an organized group is deemed an aggravating circumstance. For the members of criminal societies, criminal liability results not only from the criminal act itself but also from the very fact of joining such a society (seeBANDITRY).

References in periodicals archive ?
Baktybek Asagaliyev - 16 years in prison with confiscation of property for complicity in corruption;
Searches are being conducted at the office as well as residential premises of Shukla to collect more evidence relating to his complicity in the fraud.
The complicity of AT&T is depressing and deeply disturbing.
These complicity claims concern the conduct of third parties, other citizens who do not share the objector's beliefs, and so differ in fundamental ways from many other religious-liberty claims.
He said, " For a prime minister, who singlehandedly runs the foreign ministry with the external affairs minister playing a second fiddle, Narendra Modi's complicity in providing favours to a legally established offender and absconder -- Lalit Modi -- is nothing but open to negative interpretation.
As we show, complicity claims can provide an avenue to extend,
TUNIS (TAP) - A committal order was issued, Friday, against a former interior ministry official for possible complicity in the killing of Mohamed Brahmi.
Summary: Monday is slated to be a pivotal day at the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, where Judge David Re will hear evidence suggesting Syria's complicity in the assassination of Prime Minister Rafik Hariri in 2005.
Moreover, the effects of medical complicity can aggregate to produce substantial wrongs, such as gross human right violations (e.
A soothing balm that soon discomforts, Complicity provides everyday reflections on riveting political and social issues.
We, the undersigned scholars and librarians working on the Middle East, hold that silence about the latest humanitarian catastrophe caused by Israel's new military assault on the Gaza Strip, the third and most devastating in six years, constitutes complicity," read the letter, Jerusalem Post reported.