Composite Number

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composite number

[kəm′päz·ət ′nəm·bər]
Any positive integer which is not prime. Also known as composite quantity.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Composite Number


a natural number that is not prime. In other words, a composite number is a natural number that has divisors other than 1 and itself. For example, 4, 18, and 105 are composite numbers. Every composite number can be uniquely represented as a product of prime factors. (SeeDIVISIBILITY.)

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Either this number is a prime number or this number is a composite number, By using this method, the found number can be assumed as whether this number is a prime number or not.
A simplified version of the method is also taught in the elementary school: Eratosthenes "invented a method of sifting out the composite numbers, leaving only the primes" (Maletsky et al., 2004), referred to as the Sieve of Eratosthenes.
This conversation raised interesting ideas about factors, an essential idea for understanding prime and composite numbers, and set the stage for the n ext exploration.
Below is a table of all composite numbers less than 20 classified into abundant (A),defective (D) and perfect (P).
In this unit we are learning about prime and composite numbers, so we are doing an investigation called Multiplying Prime Numbers.
Composite numbers have at least two factors which are not itself or 1.
To begin, Juraschek would construct a worksheet to guide Ryan to discover that every composite number can be expressed as the product of primes.
The number of steps required to X to collapse in a composite number is called the Smarandache P-persistence of prime X.
Meanwhile, mathematicians developed a version of the number field sieve that can be used for factoring any composite number.
One such identification method, proposed by Uriel Feige, Amos fiat and Adi Shamir of the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel, depends on the observation that while it's relatively easy to determine whether a number is prime (divisible only by itself and 1), finding the factors of a large composite number is difficult and time-consuming (SN: 3/30/85, p.202).
The number 4,937,775, being a composite number, can be expressed as the product of prime number: 3 X 5 X 5 X 65,837.
158]) and in factorization of integers (finding which prime numbers when multiplied together produce a given composite number), the result was a new factoring algorithm.

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