Compound Word

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Compound Word


a word consisting of no fewer than two stems, each having a full lexical meaning, that together form a structural and semantic unit. Compound words are formed by joining two or more autonomous words (content) or the stems of these words into a complex whole according to a certain lexical pattern, as with the Russian words teploprovod (“hot-water pipe,” “steam pipe”), avianosets (“aircraft carrier”) and vertolet (“helicopter”). They may also be formed by nominalization, that is, by contraction and semantic compression of a syntactic construction (a word combination or clause); an example is found in the English “crybaby,” formed from “a baby cries.”

Compound words differ from word combinations or affixal derivatives graphically in that they are written as single words and phonetically in that they have a single strong stress. Morphologically they are distinct in that their parts are sometimes joined by a special connective morpheme, as with the Russian par-o-khod (“steamship”) and the German Nahrung-s-mittel (“means of nourishment”). There are also certain semantic features peculiar to compound words. Compound words can be classified on the basis of the relationship between their component parts. In German, the Scandinavian languages, and many other European languages, compound words are created in speech as readily as are word combinations; they are ad hoc in character and are not always recorded in dictionaries.


References in periodicals archive ?
In the compound word 'eb-barq' the word 'barq' denotes 'building' or 'a place of worship'.
A compound word is formed when two or more word roots are placed together to build a word.
In Grimms' dictionary the Latin equivalent for the German compound word birkenmeie is betula 'birch' and the German birkmai is translated as ramus betulaceus 'birch branch' (Grimm, Grimm 2: 39).
In English, for example, long consonants are not allowed within single morphemes, units of meaning, but they are permitted in compound words like bookcase, where two identical consonants are located next to each other across the boundary between the two morphemes.
A compound word is very different from a compound fracture.
Compound words also consist of two lexico-semantic components, most often of two stems.
Facebook" may be a compound word, but it doesn't want other websites branding with either part of its name.
The compound word kama-sutra, coming from the Sanskrit, means love science, or more colloquially, the science of love.
Individuals had to generate a word that forms a compound word or phrase with all three test words.
The examples in (24) illustrate that the Aspiration Constraint is responsible for causing an underlying aspirated consonant to lose its aspiration if it occurs in the second half of a compound word.
Among them, he said, are improvements to the way Live Search interprets what users are looking for, even if they misspell a word, type in two separate words instead of a compound word or use a variation, like "driving" instead of "drive.
This is a faulty assumption, Martin says, because the meaning of a compound word is usually more than the sum of its parts.