His analysis of the Compromise of 1867
underscores the "mutual dependence of Austria and Hungary," without which Austria could not be a Great Power and Hungary would be "a the mercy of the Great Powers" (p.
In the aftermath of that defeat, the Hungarians (actually the minority that was composed of the traditional landed gentry and the emerging urban middle class) assembled enough political power to force the Compromise of 1867
, which awarded Hungary (technically, the Kingdom of Hungary) co-equality with Austria (technically, a complex of diverse lands ruled by the Emperor of Austria and by the German population within it).
Stretching back to the time when Hungary negotiated with the victorious Turks over Transylvania (after the battle of Mohacs, 1526), to the Pragmatic Sanction of 1722, the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867
, and finally to the concessions made by the elite in their co-operative pact with the Kadar regime after 1968, a tradition of compromise has characterised Hungary's political culture.