Compulsory Labor

Compulsory Labor


a social form of labor characteristic of antagonistic social formations. The worker is forced to give up his surplus labor to the ruling classes without receiving compensation. Compulsory labor originates at a particular developmental stage of the means of production, when the conditions emerge for the exploitation of man by man—that is, when the increasing social division of labor and the consequent increase in the productivity of labor make possible the creation of a surplus product.

The first form of compulsory labor was slavery, which was based on the transformation of the means of production and the direct producer into private property. Feudal serfdom, historically the next form of compulsory labor, was based on binding the producer to the landed property of the lord. The peasant was forced to hand over his surplus labor to the landlord. Both slavery and serfdom were characterized by the direct coercion of dependent workers (seeEXTRAECONOMIC CONSTRAINT). The feudal form of compulsory labor was more progressive than slavery, but at a certain point it retarded the development of the productive forces.

As a result of the bourgeois revolutions of the 17th and 18th centuries, which led to the rise of capitalism, the feudal form gave way to the capitalist form of compulsory labor. It differs from slavery and feudal serfdom in that the wage laborer is formally a free individual. At the same time, however, he is deprived of ownership of the means of production, and he is therefore compelled to sell the capitalist his labor power, his only source of income. In fact, labor is subordinate to capital, and the worker is economically dependent on the capitalist. This coercion is, however, mediated by buying and selling relations. Capitalism maintains and reproduces all the precapitalist forms of compulsory labor, particularly in the colonies and dependent nations.

References in classic literature ?
On other estates the serfs' compulsory labor was commuted for a quitrent.
Tenders are invited for Providing insurance services for the needs of "Passenger Transport" EOOD Sliven in five lots: OP 1: Motor Third Party Liability Insurance OP 2: Compulsory Accident Insurance of Passengers in Public Transport; OP No 3: Asset Insurance of the assets of Passenger Transport EOOD Sliven; OP No 4: Compulsory Labor Accident Insurance of Workers and Employees in Passenger Transports Ltd Sliven; OP 5: General Third Party Liability Insurance
would urge the NAFTA countries to adopt internationally accepted standards which includes the right to organize and abolish compulsory labor, as well as setting "acceptable" pay and work conditions.
Sometimes self-interest was at stake, such as when a peasant woman adopted a child in order to avoid compulsory labor service.
Al-Sabeeh also spoke of numerous International Labor Organization (ILO) conventions endorsed by Kuwait over the years, chief among them a convention concerning forced or compulsory labor.
citizen to 15 years of compulsory labor for "committing hostile acts" against the country, its official media reported Thursday.
citizen was sentenced 15 years of compulsory labor by the Supreme Court of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) on Tuesday, the official KCNA news agency said Thursday.
Companies that have complied with SA8000 have incorporated policies and procedures that protect the basic human rights of workers, addressing child labor, forced and compulsory labor, health and safety issues and more.
2467), for example, identifies forced or compulsory labor, as defined by the ILO, as one of five "internationally recognized worker rights," which also include the right of association, the right to organize and bargain collectively, a minimum age for the employment of children, and acceptable conditions of work with respect to minimum wages, hours of work, and occupational safety and health.
None of the three regions have laws that specifically prohibit human trafficking, although the pre-1991 penal code outlawed forced and compulsory labor, and local laws prohibited forced labor, involuntary servitude, and slavery in Somaliland.
Turning to the millions of people forced to labor for Germany during World War II, Klaus Tenfelde distinguishes between coercive labor under oppressive conditions and inescapable compulsory labor.
Other principles stipulate that businesses should uphold the freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining, the elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labor, the effective abolition of child labor and elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.

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