As to the line of separation between external and internal taxes, this would leave to the States, at a rough

computation, the command of two thirds of the resources of the community to defray from a tenth to a twentieth part of its expenses; and to the Union, one third of the resources of the community, to defray from nine tenths to nineteen twentieths of its expenses.

The greatness of an estate, in bulk and territory, doth fall under measure; and the greatness of finances and revenue, doth fall under

computation. The population may appear by musters; and the number and greatness of cities and towns by cards and maps.

[20] proposed privacy-preserving issues in verifiable

computations and designed a privacy-preserving outsourcing

computation protocol that can achieve verifiable efficiency based on the homomorphic encryption technology.

Figure 2 shows the flowchart of the whole

computation.

Computations of d iterations are done in parallel on FPGA.

Objective: The promise of future quantum computers to substantially speed up

computations has been advertised widely since the early days of the field.

Most of the problems in the real world are very complex in nature and hence demand highly sophisticated hardware structures especially for floating point

computations. Moreover complexity of these floating

computations increases in every stage of technological developments, which insists a separate hardware unit for its

computations, thus resulted in invention of floating point unit (FPU).

[6][7] The path

computations can become complex because service providers are reluctant to disclose routing information for reasons such as scalability constraints or confidentiality concerns.

The emergence of the cloud [12, 13] inspires users to apply the powerful computing ability of the cloud to help them to conduct complicated

computations, that is, secure outsourcing

computation [14-18] to the cloud.

The computational model was implemented as author's program, which links the field and circuit theory

computations. Apart from determining the impedance matrix, it also allows us finding such field quantities as current density and magnetic field intensity.

In so doing, they show how to leverage existing parallel matrix

computation techniques, as well as the large amount of software infrastructure that exists for these

computations, to implement efficient and scalable parallel graph algorithms.

McIntosh (2002, 2005) commented on the change in focus of recent Australian Federal and State Government education policy documents with a shift away from students being taught algorithms for all mathematical

computations (which includes both written and mental

computation), to a policy centred on development of a variety of strategies for mental

computation.

According to the company, Maple 11 has a vastly improved

computation engine that includes new mathematics, user-level multithreaded

computations and a certified polynomial real root finder.