Comtat Venaissin


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Comtat Venaissin

(kəNtä` vənäsăN`) or

Comtat,

region of SE France, Vaucluse dept., comprising the territory around AvignonAvignon
, city (1990 pop. 86,440), capital of Vaucluse dept., SE France, on the Rhône River. It is a farm market with a wine trade and a great variety of manufactures.
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. Well-irrigated, it is a truck-farming and fruit-growing area. Comtat Venaissin was given by King Philip III to Pope Gregory X in 1274. Succeeding French kings sought to regain the region, but it remained in papal hands until 1791, when a plebiscite was held and the inhabitants voted to reunite with France. The region's historic capital was CarpentrasCarpentras
, town (1990 pop. 25,477), Vaucluse dept., SE France, in Provence. It is an important farm market and a small industrial center. Of Gallo-Roman origin, it was an episcopal see from the 3d cent. and was ruled by its bishops until the French Revolution.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The sections cover political and geostrategic borders, bordering regions, and bordering "Turkey in Europe." Among specific topics are the distinctiveness of the Habsburg-Ottoman border in the 18th century, alternative paths towards the age of mercantilism: the Venetian project of the Scala Di Spalato, the process of establishing the border between Russia and the Ottoman Empire in the Peace Treaty of Adrianople in 1713, regions and borders during revolutionary transformations: the example of the papal enclaves Avignon and the Comtat Venaissin in the years of the French Revolution, and revisiting early Ottoman urban morphology in southeastern Europe.
Jews begin resettling in Paris in the 18th century, Sephardic Jews from Bordeaux, Avignon, and Comtat Venaissin and Ashkenazim from Alsace and Lorraine.
The Vatican didn't relinquish complete possession of Avignon and its other surrounding lands called, "Comtat Venaissin" until 1791, following the French Revolution.
We sometimes forget that the lordship of Provence, but not Provence itself, fell to the king of France as late as 1486, and that the county proper was not annexed to France until 1789; that Avignon, with the Comtat Venaissin, belonged to the Church from 1348 until 1791; and that Nice belonged to Savoy, then Piedmont until 1860.
Scott's research has taken her north of Montpellier and Pezenas to the Comtat Venaissin near Avignon where, having failed to find any trace of Madeleine Bejart's mill, she managed to locate the ruins of the castle of the comte de Modene, the first lover of Moliere's mistress.
"La condition civile des juifs du Comtat Venaissin pendant le XVe siecle." Revue des Etudes Juives 11 (1883): 1-40.
Le Comtat Venaissin avait ete enleve au comte de Provence au [XIII.sup.e] siecle et formait toujours au [XVIII.sup.e] siecle une enclave sous la souverainete de la Chambre apostolique a l'interieur des frontieres du royaume bourbon.
By the beginning of the 16th century, 1501, France is Judenrein, except for Jews living under papal control in Avignon and Comtat Venaissin, both in the south, which continues until the French Revolution.
(6.) Zosa Szajkowski, Dos loshn fun di yidn in di arbe kehiles fun Komta-Venesen (The Language of the Jews in the Four Communities of Comtat Venaissin), New York, published by the author and the Yiddish Scientific Institute--YIVO, 1948, p.