Concepción

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Concepción

(kōnsĕpsēōn`), city (1990 est. pop. 306,464), capital of Biobío region, S central Chile, near the mouth of the Biobío River. It is an industrial and commercial center and Chile's third largest city. Its port, TalcahuanoTalcahuano
, city (1990 est. pop. 246,900), S central Chile, a port on the Pacific Ocean, part of the Greater Concepción conurbation. On the best harbor along the Chilean coast, Talcahuano is an important naval base.
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, just north of the city, ships the products of the surrounding rich agricultural region. Concepción's industries produce glass, textiles, sugar, lumber, hides, and steel. More than 80% of the country's coal comes from nearby mines. Founded in 1550 by Pedro de ValdiviaValdivia, Pedro de
, c.1500–1554, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Chile. One of Francisco Pizarro's best officers in the conquest of Peru, educated, energetic, somewhat less cruel and avaricious than his fellow conquerors, Valdivia obtained permission from Pizarro to
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, the Spanish conqueror of Chile, the city was besieged and destroyed by the Araucanian chief LautaroLautaro
, c.1533–57, leader of the Araucanians in their nearly successful attempt to reconquer S central Chile from the Spanish. He was captured by the Spanish conquistador, Pedro de Valdivia, but escaped and returned to his people in 1553, when they began the struggle for
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 in 1554–55. It was completely destroyed by earthquakes in 1570, 1730, 1751, 1835, and 1939 and was severely damaged in 1960 and 2010. Its numerous rebuildings have given Concepción a modern appearance. Points of interest include the Plaza Independencia and a university.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Concepción

 

a city in Chile and the administrative center of Concepción Province. Population, 191,700 (1969). The city has a port (Talcahuano) on the right bank of the estuary of the Río Bío Bío and is a railroad junction. The major industries are wool and cotton textiles and food processing, including flour milling, sugar refining, and canning. The University of Concepción was established in 1919. The city was founded in 1550; in 1960 it was devastated by an earthquake. Coal is mined in the surrounding area, and there is a metallurgical plant (Huachipato).


Concepción

 

a city in central Paraguay and the administrative center of the department of Concepción. Population, 52,800 (1970). A port on the Paraguay River, the city is an important center of trade in animal products, tea, tobacco, and lumber. The chief industries include flour, textiles, leather, and lumber.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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