conceptual art

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conceptual art,

art movement that began in the 1960s and stresses the artist's concept rather than the art object itself. Growing out of minimalismminimalism,
schools of contemporary art and music, with their origins in the 1960s, that have emphasized simplicity and objectivity. Minimalism in the Visual Arts
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, conceptual art turned the artist's thoughts and ideas themselves into the primary artistic medium, appealing to the spectator's intellect instead of emotions. The movement was partially a reaction to what many artists considered the overcommercialization of art objects in the moneyed world of art galleries and museums. At times in conceptual art, the tangible work of art is no longer present at all, but consists of a set of instructions, texts, notes, diagrams, or other kinds of documentation. In other cases, an image may be present, but the idea behind it is of greater importance than its execution or physical manifestation.

The term "concept art" first appeared (1961) in a publication by Fluxus, an avant-garde art group, and conceptual art was defined at length (1967) in an article by Sol LeWittLeWitt, Sol
, 1928–2007, American artist, b. Hartford, Conn. LeWitt, who came into prominence in the 1960s, termed his work conceptual art, emphasizing that the idea or concept that animates each work is its most important aspect.
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, one of the movement's best-known adherents. Another of the movement's founders was the California artist John BaldessariBaldessari, John
(John Anthony Baldessari), 1931–2020, American artist, b. National City, Calif., grad. San Diego State College (now Univ.; B.A., 1953; M.F.A., 1957).
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. Among the other artists associated with the movement are Joseph Kosuth, Bruce NaumanNauman, Bruce
, 1941–, American artist, b. Fort Wayne, Ind., B.A. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison (1964), M.F.A. Univ. of California, Davis (1966). One of the most innovative and influential contemporary American artists, he was partially responsible for restoring political,
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, Robert MorrisMorris, Robert
(Robert Eugene Morris), 1931–2018, American artist, b. Kansas City, Mo., studied Kansas City Art Institute, California School of Fine Arts, Reed College. He settled in New York City in 1959.
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, On Kawara, members of Britain's Art and Language movement, and to a large degree, the visionary artist Agnes Denes. Many of the movement's works of art were conceptualized by the artists but executed by artisans who worked at the artists' direction. The ideas that fueled the conceptual art movement of the 1960s and 70s continued to influence and animate the work of many artists of the late 20th and early 21st cent. See also contemporary artcontemporary art,
the art of the late 20th cent. and early 21st cent., both an outgrowth and a rejection of modern art. As the force and vigor of abstract expressionism diminished, new artistic movements and styles arose during the 1960s and 70s to challenge and displace
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.

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References in periodicals archive ?
He argued much less public money should be spend indulging the work of conceptual artists and more in the community.
Scotsman Martin Creed - who calls himself a conceptual artist and whose previous works have apparently included a piece of screwed-up masking tape stuck to a wall - bagged the pounds 20,000 prize for his piece Work 227: The Lights Going On And Off.
Half a century later, Conceptual artists adapted cut-and-paste techniques to the deconstruction of authorship and authenticity.
Murphy, the company's European president, asserting that his company experimented with "new methods and materials" in a way fully comparable to the Conceptual artists in the exhibition.
The other historical anchor of the exhibition was John Baldessari's Baldessari Sings LeWitt, 1972, a seminal black-and-white video of the artist singing Sol LeWitt's instructional "Sentences on Conceptual Art," 1969, to tunes like "Tea for Two" and "Camptown Races." His hilariously deadpan performance confirms that the first-generation Conceptual artists themselves had a sense of how funny their typically stern and sober language could be.
8 "BEFORE THE END (THE LAST PAINTING SHOW)" Curated by painter Olivier Mosset, this show at the Swiss Institute in New York last month revolved around the idea that many conceptual artists were once abstract painters producing minimal, often monochromatic work.
Even blow-by-blow images of the canvases in progress/reveal surprisingly little about his creative process, which, like that of many Minimal and Conceptual artists, is neatly divided between the development of a preliminary plan and its immaculate execution--one tiny spot of paint at a time.
Another approach to performing the system is pursued by the British journalist Adrian Dannatt with the Three, a semifictitious group of former models turned Conceptual artists whose sole aim is to generate media attention about themselves.
Linking their approach not only to the Neue Sachlichkeit but also to Gerhard Richter's critical exploration of painting, Ruff describes his approach to photography and that of his colleagues as a kind of investigation of the medium's specific parameters: "We explored photography itself without passing beyond it." In her programmatic 1999 essay "Reinventing the Medium," Rosalind Krauss includes the Bechers in a group of Conceptual artists, such as Robert Smithson, Dan Graham, and Douglas Huebler, who used the photographic image as an element in a kind of hybrid practice also involving text.
JEREMY BLAKE: I'm curious, then, how you dealt with--well, what happened when you found yourself among Conceptual artists? Was your idea of having fun disallowed or counted against you?
On Kawara and Hanne Darboven, among other Conceptual artists, bear a distant relationship to the fold through temporal strategies that have been embedded more in language than in form.
Conceptual art, along with appropriation and bad painting, made it possible to be an artist without being a painter, and I remember hearing young Conceptual artists saying how glad they were not to be painters.

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