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(in the philosophy of science) a very general conception of the nature of scientific endeavour within which a given enquiry is undertaken


  1. any example or representative instance of a concept or a theoretical approach, e.g. MERTON's (1949) summary exemplifying discussion of the strengths and pitfalls of functional analysis in sociology. In some branches of philosophy a ‘paradigm case’ is seen as providing an ‘ostensive definition’ of a concept.



a system of the various inflectional forms of a word. A paradigm shows the way a word’s appearance is modified according to the grammatical categories inherent in a word. A noun, for example, has inflectional forms for gender, number, and case, and a verb for person, tense, and aspect. A paradigm is a pattern of change in a word, based on grammatical categories. It is an example of a declension or conjugation.

Since a paradigm is characterized by lexical identicalness of a stem, it is frequently represented as a table of endings that are to serve as a model for the inflection of a given part of speech or for the derivation of word forms (formoobrazovanie). A description of a paradigm takes into account the number of members in the set (a paradigm is a closed series of forms), the order in which the members are arranged, the endings of each member of the paradigm, and the possible morphophonemic transformations of the stem and/or endings. Any restricted system of secondary formations with a single base is often called a paradigm; such a paradigm may be morphological, lexical, derivational, or some other type. Linguists usually use the concept of syntactic paradigm to designate a system of forms of a sentence, as in syn uchitsia (“the son is studying”), syn uchilsia (“the son studied”), and so forth.

Paradigms may be either partial (or minor), consisting of groups of forms with a certain organization, or complete (major), comprising a complement of partial paradigms. In Russian, for example, the complete paradigm of adjectives includes three singular paradigms, one plural paradigm, one paradigm of short forms, and the forms for the degrees of comparison.



Pronounced "pah-ruh-dime." A model, example or pattern. See paradigm shift and metaphor.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Shona logical conceptual scheme is unique since their reasoning is focused on practical affairs as opposed to speculative thought.
Now Davidson's concern here is to reject conceptual relativism: the idea that we can make sense of there being a conceptual scheme that is not our own, to which truth would be relativised.
He agrees that we should give up the idea of experience as something extra-conceptual, but this does not mean that we have to give up sensibility as a faculty of mind that makes our conceptual scheme answerable to the world.
However, the poetic representation of the feminine and of its bodily functions as the traditionally repudiated and excluded constitutes, as Butler suggests (1990: 27), the possibility of a critique and disruption of the male hegemonic conceptual scheme.
The proposition that a conceptual scheme (a term Davidson assimilates, rather quickly, to a "language") could be, in principle, absolutely opaque to another would also be untenable.
They form the language or conceptual scheme in which the empirical investigation is carried out.
25) Indeed, for Davidson, our recognition of another conceptual scheme as having an internal consistency (in virtue of which it makes sense to its own inhabitants) is not only sufficient to ground the possibility of translation, but is a good reason for dispensing with the very idea of a conceptual scheme altogether.
Language is supposed to be a kind of filter through which our experience is made intelligible, but according to Davidson, the idea of such a conceptual scheme is itself unintelligible, since we can only make sense of the idea of different conceptual schemes if we can compare them against the background of a wider scheme that includes them both.
No matter which conceptual scheme is picked, the minimal propositions are inconsistent.
One could regard the overall conceptual scheme as "constitutive", because it contrasts with, say, a biological taxonomy that has to be squared with "objective" reality.
This conceptual scheme yields an elegant two-by-three matrix for ordering the data.

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