girder

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Related to Concrete girders: Girder bridge, Rolled steel girder bridge

girder

Botany the structure composed of tissue providing mechanical support for a stem or leaf
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Girder

A large or principal beam used to support concentrated loads at isolated points along its length.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

girder

[′gər·dər]
(civil engineering)
A large beam made of metal or concrete, and sometimes of wood.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

girder

A large or principal beam of steel, reinforced concrete, or timber; used to support concentrated loads at isolated points along its length. (See illustration p. 462.)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The experimental setup consists of steel frames, the concrete girder, and a hydraulic press in a four-column testing machine, which can apply a cyclic load at maximum [+ or -] 2500 kN (see Figures 1 and 2).
The best representative, the Koror-Babeldaob Bridge in Palau with the main span of 241 m, completed in 1977, was the longest prestressed concrete girder bridge in the world at that time.
Published studies related to AE for lightweight pre-stressed concrete girders are scarce and further investigations related to this subject would be beneficial.
The objective of this paper is to examine experimentally and numerically the benefits of using external prestressing in strengthening of composite prestressed concrete girders to evaluate its effect on both the service load behavior and the load carrying capacity under monotonic static and repeated loadings.
Nasser Award went to Samuel Keske and Eric Miller for "Live-Load Response of In-Service Bridge Constructed with Precast, Prestressed Self-Consolidating Concrete Girders" (Fall 2014).
The winning proposal included constructing a prestressed concrete girder span at a cost of $6.8 million and closing 1-5 for only 12 hours to install the permanent span.
Now we have decided to replace concrete girders with those of steel and Heavy Mechanical Complex has vast experience in such work, the official said.
How about haunched concrete girders? Steel deck arches?
These phenomena were discovered during the proof loading up to failure of prestressed concrete girders. Concrete cracking and plastic deformations of tendons had led to the increase of stresses in the compression zone, which caused concrete crushing and girder collapse.
State transportation officials didn't have to point out the cracks as the governor donned a hard hat and safety harness and swung up to the concrete girders in the lift bucket on the back of a state truck.
These girders cost slightly more to make than conventional concrete girders, but their increased strength means fewer girders and other structural components are needed, thereby reducing the cost of hauling components to the project site and of construction.