Condensed State

Condensed State

 

The condensed state of a substance is its solid and liquid states. In contrast to the gaseous state, there is a certain degree of ordering in the arrangement of the particles (ions, atoms, molecules) of the substance in the condensed state. Crystalline solids exhibit a high degree of ordering—long-range order in particle arrangement. The particles of liquids and amorphous solids are arranged in a more random manner and are characterized by short-range order. The properties of substances in the condensed state are determined by their structure as well as by particle interaction.

References in periodicals archive ?
In order to assemble an optical near-field imaging experiment based on the time-resolved detection of second harmonic generation, the cea saclay condensed state physics department (spec) is considering the acquisition of a near field optical microscope (apertureless scanning near field optical microscope).
Although the new, condensed State of the Industry Reception will not accommodate live entertainment (a hallmark of the State of the Industry Dinner in years past), the Venetian will host two nights of entertainment with comedian Jeff Foxworthy.
This also indicated that the interaction between molecules became stronger in the ordered-tilted condensed state. In addition, the absolute value of [xi] at [X.sub.CUR] = 0.6 was the highest for all mixtures at the surface pressure of 45mN/m.
The condensed state of matter the researchers worked on is somewhat similar to what's known as the Bose-Einstein condensate. Named after physicists Satyendra Nath Bose and Albert Einstein, it is a state of matter created when atoms are cooled to a temperature close to absolute zero (0 Kelvin or -459.6 degrees Fahrenheit).
Hastings recognized that the solar surface was too hot to permit the existence of carbon in the condensed state [85].
Their concern here is the theoretical and experimental verification of the statements concerning specific properties of oligomers as a condensed state of substance.
During that time, Edwin Hubble showed how the direct relation between a galaxy's distance and velocity implies that the universe started in a small, condensed state Not everyone bought into this approach, and a compromise theory took hold: The steady state model said that the universe is expanding but also eternal.
Based on the high melting temperature (4) and significant anisotropic light scattering (5) of nascent UHPE, a model of fully extended-chain crystals has been proposed (6-8) for the macromolecular condensed state of the nascent UHPE.
Contract notice: complete liquid helium dilution diluent system for the condensed state physics service (spec)
Still, he understood that continuous thermal emission was a property of the condensed state [1].
As a result, once condensed metallic hydrogen has been produced in the solar interior, it is expected that it could retain its condensed state under the lower pressures in the corona.
In contrast, this work now advances that chromospheric structures represent solar material in the condensed state [17-21].