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common name for certain American vulturesvulture,
common name for large birds of prey of temperate and tropical regions. The Old World vultures (family Accipitridae) are allied to hawks and eagles; the more ancient American vultures and condors are of a different family (Cathartidae) with distant links to storks and
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, found in the high peaks of the Andes of South America and the Coast Range of S California. Condors are the largest of the living birds, nearly 50 in. (125 cm) long with a wingspread of from 9 to 10 ft (274–300 cm). Voracious eaters, they prefer carrion but will attack living animals as large as deer. The eggs are laid in a sketchy cliff nest of twigs; the young are unable to fly until they are about a year old.

The Andean condor, Vultur gryphus, has black plumage with white wing patches and a white neck ruff. The lead-colored head and neck are bare; the male has a comb and wattles. The female lays one or two eggs. The California condor, or California vulture, Gymnogyps californianus, is all black with white wing bands. Forming long-term pair bonds, the California condor only lays one egg and does not breed until at least six years old. Condors, particularly the California species (which has only recently been reintroduced into the wild), are extremely rare and on the verge of extinction.

Condors are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Cathartiformes, family Cathartidae.


A continuous-wave navigation system, similar to benito, that automatically measures bearing and distance from a single ground station; the distance is determined by phase comparison and the bearing by automatic direction finding.
(vertebrate zoology)
Vultur gryphus. A large American vulture having a bare head and neck, dull black plumage, and a white neck ruff.


A U.S. Navy air-to-surface missile that uses optoelectronic guidance, developed for use beyond the range of antiaircraft guns which protect heavily defended ground targets; range is about 50 miles (80 kilometers).


either of two very large rare New World vultures, Vultur gryphus (Andean condor), which has black plumage with white around the neck, and Gymnogyps californianus (California condor), which is similar but nearly extinct
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2010, Osprey published a book in its Duel series, "Fw 200 Condor vs Atlantic Convoy, 1941-43" by Robert Forczyk.
BACK IN THE MID-1990S, while backpacking along the Sisquoc River, I had no idea I was actually trekking along the Condor Trail.
In the meantime, the population of condors in the wild continues to grow.
The soldiers' excitement about the condors is reassuring to Olga Lucia Nunez, a biologist who roams the high peaks and deep valleys of these mountains, in Boyaca state in central Colombia, recruiting farmers, shepherds and, most recently, soldiers, in a broad effort to monitor and protect the birds.
Condors simply disappeared, their carcasses unavailable for necropsy.
But things just got a little better for the' California condor, thanks to legislation passed in November.
Once this process was understood, a chelation procedure was employed to remove the lead from the bodies of condors before permanent damage to digestive nerve tissue occurred, but this information could only be gained by trapping birds and taking blood samples.
Before captive-bred condors are ready for release, they must pass power pole aversion training.
State officials concerned about the fate of the world's last 144 wild condors will consider two measures next week to compel hunters to use lead-free rounds.
The first half of the book traces the condor's history: through the eyes of paleontologists, then through the reverential lore of California native tribes--complete with the uncomfortable fact that a passion for native headdresses made from dead condors may have contributed to the vulture's decline.
WMZ zoological director Nick Jackson said: "By investing directly in condor conservation in their native habitat as well as in our breeding project in Colwyn Bay we can help sustain these magnificent birds into the long-term future.
Number 59 was one of three captive-hatched California condors released to the wild a few days earlier in the Sierra de San Pedro Martir.