Condottieri

(redirected from Condotierri)

Condottieri

 

leaders of mercenary military detachments (or companies) in Italy from the 14th through 16th centuries in the service of individual rulers and popes.

The condottieri became very important in the continuous warfare between the Italian states. In the 14th century most of the recruits were foreign knights, but at the end of the 14th century Italian condottieri began displacing the foreigners. Some condottieri seized power in cities and established tyrannies, like Francesco Sforza in Milan. The condottieri, who plundered and devastated Italy, contributed to the weakening of the country. In the late 15th century, when infantry and artillery became more important than cavalry (the main force of the condottieri), the institution of the condottieri gradually began to disappear.

References in periodicals archive ?
One example is the various types of private military actors known as mercenaries, condotierri, or "dogs of war", who have fought in conflicts and wars around the world at different points in time.
As the narrator tells us, although Montoni aspires to be a chief of the mercenary Condotierri, he is in truth a gambling addict who is willing to resort to unlawful means to restore his fortune.
In a chapter on the hired mercenaries of the Renaissance, the authors demonstrate that the so-called condotierri who flourished between 1300 and 1600 were not so improbable as their legendary shortcomings of small numbers, fickle allegiance, and questionable lethality suggest.