Condottieri


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Condottieri

 

leaders of mercenary military detachments (or companies) in Italy from the 14th through 16th centuries in the service of individual rulers and popes.

The condottieri became very important in the continuous warfare between the Italian states. In the 14th century most of the recruits were foreign knights, but at the end of the 14th century Italian condottieri began displacing the foreigners. Some condottieri seized power in cities and established tyrannies, like Francesco Sforza in Milan. The condottieri, who plundered and devastated Italy, contributed to the weakening of the country. In the late 15th century, when infantry and artillery became more important than cavalry (the main force of the condottieri), the institution of the condottieri gradually began to disappear.

References in periodicals archive ?
High-ranking condottieri like Othello benefited from a "system of rewards," including offices, houses, and land, "designed .
The condottieri were Italian mercenaries of the fifteenth century.
In their bases and quarters the Genoese merchants behaved as independent condottieri and shrewd merchants retaining their freedom of action.
Profiles of Six Italian Condottieri, New York, Thomas Y Crowell.
While condottieri and mercenaries are examples of private actors engaged by states to fight in wars of the past, in contemporary times a range of different non-sate actors have been active not only in war and conflict zones but also in combating crime and other non-traditional security threats.
Alli donde se denotan las olas de democratizacion creciente se obvia realizar mencion alguna a la vinculacion de la dinamica capitalista con la acumulacion de poderes de facto de las companias transnacionales y sus condottieri.
Where Bildhauer is most convincing, I think, is in discussing films from the Nazi era, such as Das Madchen Johanna (1935) and Condottieri (1937), whose agenda of glorifying the collective at the expense of the individual, is self-evident.
Pero lo fundamental de la nube K son los condottieri que recorren la Web buscando palabras clave que les permitan llegar a intervenciones en portales, periodicos digitales, blogs, que piden a gritos un comentario de la ortodoxia doctrinaria kirchnerista.
27 ( ANI ): Italian researchers have exhumed the tomb of one of the most celebrated condottieri, mercenary soldiers, of the Renaissance, Giovanni de' Medici in a bid to understand the life and death of the charismatic 16th century army commander.
96 tomiamo al presente scenico: tutti i condottieri greci sono in Aulide pronti per salpare alla volta di Troia, ma un'infida bonaccia ne impedisce la partenza: il testo originale e sufficientemente rispettato.
More recently, during the Middle Ages, the nobility and the businessmen "produced the German Landsknechte, the Swiss Reisldufer, the Italian condottieri and the English mercenaries" (Cockayne, 2006: 465) in order to protect the promising commercial system rising in Europe.
Carlo Carra's stiff figures painted in bleached, frescolike color, for example, affiliate Mussolini's Italy with the Italo-Gothic and early Renaissance of the warring Guelfs and Ghibellines, a period dominated by Mussolini-esque condottieri.