Condottieri

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Condottieri

 

leaders of mercenary military detachments (or companies) in Italy from the 14th through 16th centuries in the service of individual rulers and popes.

The condottieri became very important in the continuous warfare between the Italian states. In the 14th century most of the recruits were foreign knights, but at the end of the 14th century Italian condottieri began displacing the foreigners. Some condottieri seized power in cities and established tyrannies, like Francesco Sforza in Milan. The condottieri, who plundered and devastated Italy, contributed to the weakening of the country. In the late 15th century, when infantry and artillery became more important than cavalry (the main force of the condottieri), the institution of the condottieri gradually began to disappear.

References in periodicals archive ?
1478 by Giovanni Battista Montesecco, a condottiero who worked for
The most symptomatic form of this phenomenon was produced, as is well-known, in Nazi Germany, where there was a notable attempt to promote a religion of Ur, founded on the tribal mysticism of race and blood, and the magical force attributed to a condottiero, who the inert masses were supposed to worship like a political demiurge.
Questo episodio ci spinge a chiederci se davvero De Mauro sia stato un condottiero, un capopopolo di ricercatori e di insegnanti che ha fatto una rivoluzione.
Particularly troublesome were the major noble condottiero families of the towns on the western edge of the dominion, who knew that their importance to defending the border required Venice to privilege them.
Nel senso di "guida" potrebbe essere tradotto intedesco con Fuhrung, da cui viene Fuhrer, il condottiero che conduce perche ha l'autorita di condurre.