Conduction Pump

conduction pump

[kən′dək·shən ‚pəmp]
A pump in which liquid metal or some other conductive liquid is moved through a pipe by sending a current across the liquid and applying a magnetic field at right angles to current flow.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Conduction Pump


a type of magnetohydrodynamic pump in which the liquid is moved by electromagnetic force. The force arises because of the interaction of a magnetic field generated by the magnetic system of the pump and an electric current passing through the liquid being pumped. Conduction pumps operate on direct or alternting current. The operation of a DC conduction pump is similar to that of a DC motor; the rotor winding is replaced by an electrically conducting medium. The direction of motion of the liquid in the pump channel is determined by the left-hand rule.

The operation of AC conduction pumps is similar to the operation of DC pumps. In this case the direction of the current will change according to the changes in the lines of force in the magnetic field generated by the electromagnetic system of the pump. Such pumps are frequently combined with a transformer into a common device called a pump-transformer unit.

Conduction pumps are used in industry for delivery of various electrically conducting liquids, particularly for conveying and pouring molten metals.


Birzvalk, lu. A. Osnovy teorii i rascheta konduktsionnykh MGD-nasosov postoiannogo toka. Riga, 1968.
Tiutin, I. A. Elektromagnitnye nasosy dlia zhidkikh metallov. Riga, 1959.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jeong and Didion (2007) investigated the use of an EHD conduction pump for use in two-phase loops for high heat flux thermal control.
The conduction pump tested by Didion (2001) ran continuously for 120 h without any problems.