Confederation of the Rhine


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Rhine, Confederation of the:

see Confederation of the RhineConfederation of the Rhine,
league of German states formed by Emperor Napoleon I in 1806 after his defeat of the Austrians at Austerlitz. Among its members were the newly created kingdoms of Bavaria and Württenberg (see Pressburg, Treaty of), the grand duchies of Baden,
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Confederation of the Rhine,

league of German states formed by Emperor Napoleon I in 1806 after his defeat of the Austrians at AusterlitzAusterlitz
, Czech Slavkov u Brna, town, S Czech Republic, in Moravia. An agricultural center, the town has sugar refineries and cotton mills. It became a seat of the Anabaptists in 1528. At Austerlitz, in the "battle of the three emperors," Napoleon I won (Dec.
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. Among its members were the newly created kingdoms of Bavaria and Württenberg (see Pressburg, Treaty ofPressburg, Treaty of,
1805, peace treaty between Napoleon I of France and Holy Roman Emperor Francis II (also emperor of Austria), signed at Pressburg (now Bratislava, Slovakia).
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), the grand duchies of Baden, Hesse-Darmstadt, and Berg, and a number of other principalities. Eventually nearly all the German states except Austria and Prussia joined the confederation. The members disavowed their allegiance to the Holy Roman Empire, and Francis II, already styled emperor of Austria, relinquished the title Holy Roman emperor in 1806. Napoleon attempted to influence the internal as well as the foreign affairs of the confederation, but recurring international crises diverted his efforts. After Napoleon's retreat from Russia (1812–13), its members, by changing sides in the war, caused the collapse of the confederation.
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References in classic literature ?
Was the will of the Confederation of the Rhine transferred to Napoleon in 1806?
Napoleon had also controlled many of the Germanic states, grouping them into the Confederation of the Rhine. After his defeat they fell under the leadership of the Austrian Empire.
Nitot's records record the manufacture of 'a fine diamond parure with many other jewels of exquisite taste, when to consolidate the confederation of the Rhine, she (Stephanie) was then married to Prince Charles of Baden in 1806.' A painting of Stephanie owned by Prince Rainier shows her wearing the full parure, part of which is on show in the new galleries.
The two essays on Napoleonic Germany feature the Confederation of the Rhine. Andreas Fahrmeir emphasizes differences within the membership of the Confederation and attributes its instability to these inherent regional differences rather than to opposition against Napoleon.
On July 12, 1806, Napoleon organized Germany (except for Prussia and Austria) into the Confederation of the Rhine, a French puppet.
He went on to organize the Confederation of the Rhine, which came formally into existence in the following July under his protection and in military alliance with France.

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