Augsburg Confession

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Augsburg Confession:

see creedcreed
[Lat. credo=I believe], summary of basic doctrines of faith. The following are historically important Christian creeds.

1 The Nicene Creed, beginning, "I believe in one God the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Augsburg Confession


exposition of the fundamentals of Lutheranism (in 28 articles, written in German and Latin). The Augsburg Confession was composed with the approval of M. Luther by his closest colleague, P. Melanchthon, and was presented to Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Augsburg in 1530. This work established the ceremonial side of the Lutheran cult and the principle of the subordination of the church to the secular ruler. In some of its formulations the Augsburg Confession also retreated from the initial views of Luther. In foreseeing the introduction of a church organization and other matters, the Augsburg Confession reflected the striving of the leaders of the Lutheran movement toward compromise with Catholicism for the joint struggle against the Anabaptists and the adherents of H. Zwingli. The rejection of the Augsburg Confession by both Charles V and the diet was the cause of a prolonged struggle between the Protestant and the Catholic princes of Germany, which came to an end with the religious Peace of Augsburg (1555).


Die Augsburgische Konfession. Edited by T. Kolde. Gotha, 1896.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
One could mention the contacts between Lutherans and Russian Orthodoxy as early as 1552 and in subsequent years through the Russian translation of basic Lutheran sources, such as the Confessio Augustana or Luther's Catechism, as well as mutual acquaintanceship, (14) rooted in the toleration shown by Russians to Protestants since the era of Tsar Ivan the Terrible (1547-1584).
En primer lugar explicaba Wenz la diferencia y simultanea proximidad de sacerdocio comun y ministerial, segun la doctrina del rite vocatus expuesta en la Confessio augustana. Se reiteraba de esta forma la vinculacion que existe entre orden, evangelio y sacramentos, a la vez que subrayaba que el ministerio ordenado esta al servicio dei sacerdocio comun de todos los bautizados (23).
Recordaba de igual manera la equiparacion episcopi seu presbiteri de la Confessio augustana: si bien al principio se hablaba sin mas de una funcion de gobierno en una determinada comunidad local, mas adelante --retomando la practica de la primitiva Iglesia-- el ministro se encargaba tambien de la predicacion de la palabra y la administracion de los sacramentos, en los terminos propuestos por la Reforma de Wittenberg (30).
<<La especificidad de esta tarea esta fundamentada en la expresion publice docere de la Confessio augustana XIV.
Intentaba asi evitar interpretaciones demasiado unilaterales que--en su opinion--no figuran en la Confessio augustana (5; 7; 14; 28,21s.), al mismo tiempo que hacia mencion a que la Iglesia catolica propone al ministerio ordenado--sobre todo, referido a los obispos--como principium et fundamentum de la unidad de la Iglesia (136).
La mayoria de los autores aqui analizados advierte que la apostolicidad y el ministerium unitatis pertenecen a la misma esencia de la Iglesia, aunque los autores luteranos aqui estudiados (Wenz, Meyer, Pannenberg) no la conciben en la misma linea de necesidad que el evangelio y los sacramentos recordados en la Confessio augustana. Rompen asi la continuidad entre ministerio y apostolicidad en el plano ontologicosacramental.
Asi insiste Wenz en la igualdad <<sustancial>> dei episcopado y el presbiterado, segun el capitulo XXVIII de la Confessio augustana.
Recognition of the Confessio Augustana by the Roman Catholic Church.
(19) The Assembly--conscious of the importance of this initiative-welcomes endeavours which aim at a Catholic recognition of the Confessio Augustana, expresses the willingness of the Lutheran World Federation to engage in dialogue with the Roman Catholic Church on this subject, and requests that the Executive Committee promote and carefully follow the progress of all studies of this matter, its possibilities, its problems, and its wider ecumenical implications.
In addition to providing a very brief summary of the points made in the essays, the 1980 Roman Catholic/Lutheran Joint Commission statement points out: Honesty in our dialogue on the Augsburg Confession also compels us to admit that there are still open questions and unresolved problems, among them the following: --The Confessio Augustana does not adopt a position on the number of the sacraments, the papacy, or on certain aspects of the episcopal order and the church's teaching office.
(40) Walter Kasper, "What Would Catholic Recognition of the Confessio Augustana Mean?" in Burgess, Role, p.