conflict theory

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conflict theory

  1. any theory or collection of theories which emphasizes the role of CONFLICT (especially between groups and classes) in human societies.
  2. more specifically, the relatively diffuse collection of theories that, in the 1960s, were ranged against, and contested the dominance of, Parsonian STRUCTURAL-FUNCTIONALISM and its emphasis on societies as mainly governed by value consensus and the internalization of institutionalized shared values. The main feature of such conflict theories was that:
  1. they accused functionalist sociologies of disregarding conflicts of value and interest in human societies, or at best regarding these as a secondary phenomenon;
  2. as an alternative to functionalism, they offered an account of both the integration of society and of social change which emphasized the role of POWER and COERCION and the pursuit of economic and political interests in human affairs, as well as the more general role of conflict.
While some versions of conflict theory were Marxist or influenced by Marxism (e.g. GOULDNER), others were not, and were advanced on a more eclectic basis. One important approach, for example, was based on the work of SIMMEL (e.g. Lewis Coser, 1956) and emphasized the social functions as well as the disruptive effects of conflict. Still others (e.g. DAHRENDORF, REX) emphasized the significance of WEBER as well as of Marx in the study of conflict. In a highly influential article (‘Social integration and system integration’, 1964), David LOCKWOOD underlined the importance of an approach in which conflict was more central than in functionalism, when he drew attention once again to the existence of ‘social conflicts’ and ‘system contradictions’, as well as ‘social integration’ and ‘system integration’, as major elements in social life (see also SOCIAL INTEGRATION AND SYSTEM INTEGRATION). In the 1970s and subsequently with the reflourishing of a full range of conflict theories, simple distinctions between ‘functionalism’ and ‘conflict theory’ are no longer important, and with this the usage of ‘conflict theory’ in sense 2 has faded.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gen Bajwa said that Pakistan is fully committed to peace and stability both within and without.The COAS said that allstake holders need to get out of conflict paradigm as only cooperative framework can unlock the true potentials of the region, adding that for this Pakistan has done its part in tackling the security challenges which seemed insurmountable a few years ago.
Talking about regional peace and development, COAS said that all stake holders need to get out of conflict paradigm as only cooperative framework can unlock the true potentials of the region.
While addressing the participants of National Security and War Course at National Defence University on Thursday , COAS said while talking on regional security that all stake holders need to get out of conflict paradigm as only cooperative framework can unlock the true potentials of the region.
Talking about regional peace and development, the COAS said that all stakeholders needed to get out of conflict paradigm as only cooperative framework could unlock the true potentials of the region.
Talking about regional peace and development, he said that all stake holders need to get out of conflict paradigm as only cooperative framework can unlock the true potentials of the region.
"The problem isn't that humanitarian or human rights law no longer fits the conflict paradigm - it's that those norms are protected through enforcement.
Those operating within the Conflict paradigm must choose between science and religion.
The military courts have been set up in the legally permissible zone of Article 245 and should be viewed as a necessary and proportionate measure under the law of conflict paradigm. Given the exigencies of conflict situation and its operational imperatives the Constitution expressly pauses or freezes implementation of enforcement of fundamental rights during notification under Article 245 when laws like those establishing military courts post APS attack can be validly enacted and enforced.
O'Neil's gender role conflict paradigm (GRC; O'Neil, Helms, Gable, David, & Wrightsman, 1986) has contributed significantly to our understanding of the psychology of men and masculinity (Good, Borst, & Wallace, 1994; Smiler, 2004; Thompson, Pleck, & Ferrera, 1992).
This Article advocates a different paradigm -- the transnational conflict paradigm -- that better explains various collective action failures and points the way toward mechanisms that might correct these problems.
This text deserves a place upon the bookshelf of those currently working within the conflict paradigm. Moreover, I encourage anyone who believes that inflation in some way reflects social friction (e.g.

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