es una especie atipica de Nemania Gray, que se diferencia de todos los otros taxones del genero por tener estromas uniperiteciados, por lo general, parcialmente inmersos en el sustrato, asco con estipite corto, aparato apical cuboide y ascosporas casi equilateras; por lo que esta especie podria ser removida del genero Nemania.
Branson & Mehl (1933) included this species in synonymy with Spathodus primus (= Ozarkodina confluens
In the sample just above the lower boundary of the member there appear Belodina confluens
Hladki & Romero (2006) Rogers Nemania confluens
(Tode: Fr.) Laessee & Hladki & Romero (2006) Spooner Nemania creoleuca (Speg.) Y.
Grifolin was first isolated as an antibiotic constituent of a mushroom, Grifola confluens
(Hirata and Nakanishi, 1949).
Loganellia grossi occurs in samples 5-2-62 to 5-2-68 from section 2 of the Matusevich River succession (October Revolution Island, Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago, Russia) together with abundant specimens of the conodont Ozarkodina confluens
bucerus Viira and less frequently with poorly preserved specimens identified as Kockelella cf.
collatatus only Thecia confluens
(Eichwald) (Tsegelnjuk et al.
In this system we find that the gall aphid Pemphigus betae is largely restricted to the mature zones of trees, while the leaf-feeding beetle Chrysomela confluens
is largely restricted to juvenile trees and juvenile zones of mature trees (Kearsley and Whitham 1989, Kearsley 1991).
densidentatus), the unit can be defined in offshore environments where C.
Although higher levels of phenolic glycosides in resprout growth could repel generalist herbivores, here we specifically examine how these plant defenses might attract a specialist insect herbivore, the leaf beetle Chrysomela confluens
, which is known to sequester them for its own defense (Kearsley and Whitham 1992).
In the same study, the leaf-chewing beetle, Chrysomela confluens
, showed just the opposite pattern.
In addition, it has been shown that hybrid Populus are more susceptible to the aphid Pemphigus betae and the beetle Chrysomela confluens
than the parents (Whitham 1989.