congenital

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congenital

denoting or relating to any nonhereditary condition, esp an abnormal condition, existing at birth

congenital

[kən′jen·əd·əl]
(medicine)
Dating from or existing before birth.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ranajit Chakraborty and Aravinda Chakravarti, (17) in 1977 in their study stated that the incidence of major congenital defects was significantly higher among the inbred offspring (1.34%) as compared to that among non-inbred ones (0.81%).
According to the scientists, this non-invasive device may prove an effective tool in understanding how environmental factors that alter an embryo's heart rate lead to congenital defects.
Until recently, second-generation AEDs had not been linked to congenital defects. But new data from the North American AED Pregnancy Registry and five other pregnancy registries have shown a very significant risk of isolated, nonsyndromic oral clefts after first-trimester exposure to lamotrigine (Lamictal) monotherapy (Birth Defects Res.
In a series of 59 patients, Andrews and Canalis reported trauma as a cause of pneumocephalus in 36%, otitis media in 31%, otic surgery in 31%, and congenital defects in 2%.
Prof Rickman, who joined Alder Hey in the 1950s,helped to revolutionize the care of babies born with congenital defects.
The data were collected by the CDC's Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program, the Sibley Heart Center in Atlanta (where most of the children with congenital heart diseases in the area are treated), and the medical genetics program at Emory University, also in Atlanta.
Most of these children suffer from congenital defects of the spine (neural tube defects) or chronic genitourinary problems.
Smoking while pregnant has also been linked to cot deaths, and increased chances of congenital defects.
In a survey conducted by the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons, more than half of its members who were polled reported insurance denial or trouble obtaining coverage of procedures for deformities, disfigurements, and congenital defects in children.
Data from the population-based Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program (MACDP) for 1978-1988 were used to study the rate of birth defects in infants in five birth-weight categories ([less than or equal to] 1499 g [3 lbs 4 oz], 1500-1999 g [3 lbs 5 oz-4 lbs 7 oz], 2000-2499 g [4 lbs 8 oz-5 lbs 7 oz], 2500-3999 g [5 lbs 8 oz-8 lbs 13 oz], and [greater than or equal to]4000 g [[greater than or equal to]8 lbs 14 oz]).
It is also engaged in creating awareness among the general public about these congenital defects. It was hoped that well-to-do people will come forward to support the organization in its task of serving ailing humanity.

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